Using the Predicted Structure of the Amot Coiled Coil Homology Domain to Understand Lipid Binding

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Cameron James Peck
Piia Virtanen
Derrick Johnson
Ann Kimble-Hill

Abstract

Angiomotins (Amots) are a family of adapter proteins that modulate cellular polarity, differentiation, proliferation, and migration. Amot family members also have a characteristic lipid-binding domain, the coiled coil homology (ACCH) domain that selectively targets the protein to membranes, which has been directly linked to its regulatory role in the cell. Several spot blot assays were used to validate the regions of the domain that participate in its membrane association, deformation, and vesicle fusion activity, which suggested the need for a structure to define the mechanism. Therefore, we endeavored to understand the structure-function relationship of this domain with the desire to find ways to modulate these signaling pathways. After many failed attempts to crystallize the ACCH domain of each of the Amot family members for structural analysis, we decided to pursue homologous models that could be refined using small angle x-ray scattering data. Theoretical models were produced using the homology software SWISS-MODEL and threading software I-TASSER and LOMETS, followed by comparison to SAXS data for model selection and refinement. As a result, we present a theoretical model of the domain that is driven by alpha helices and short random coil regions. These alpha helical regions form a classic dimer interface followed by two wide spread legs that we predict to be the lipid binding interface.

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How to Cite
Peck, C., Virtanen, P., Johnson, D., & Kimble-Hill, A. (2018). Using the Predicted Structure of the Amot Coiled Coil Homology Domain to Understand Lipid Binding. IU Journal of Undergraduate Research, 4(1), 27-46. https://doi.org/10.14434/iujur.v4i1.24528
Section
Natural Sciences