Problem-based Learning, a Tool to Develop Critical Thinking Skills of Undergraduate Veterinary Students

Main Article Content

Dr. Lalanthi De Silva
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0354-820X
Dr. Chanaka Rabel
Prof. S. Samita
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5468-5808
Dr. Nicola Smith
Dr. Lachlan McIntyre
Prof. Tim Parkinson
Prof. Nayana Wijayawardhane
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0354-820X

Abstract

A major change embraced during a recent review of the Bachelor of Veterinary Science (BVSc.) curriculum of University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka, was implementation of student-centred learning. Thus, a series of courses; ‘Integrated Veterinary Sciences’, delivered using Problem-based Learning (PBL), were introduced. As PBL is novel to the curriculum, this study was aimed to evaluate veterinary undergraduates’ perception on such a PBL-driven course which has been evaluated for the first time in Sri Lanka.


PBL sessions were conducted with volunteers of all four academic year groups. Responses were assessed, using a questionnaire, on the opportunity for improving critical thinking, discussions, facilitator guidance, e-learning and overall satisfaction of using PBL.


Over 85% of students across all groups agreed that the PBL had been effective: the highest level of agreement was on the potential to improve critical thinking. There were statistically significant differences between year groups for satisfaction with facilitators’ guidance and overall satisfaction; which may reflect differences in either content or facilitators’ experience between year groups.


PBL was well-received as a method for use in the veterinary curriculum, Sri Lanka, suggesting the possibility of its widespread use for vertical and horizontal integration. Teacher training and improving facilities would ensure the success.

Article Details

Section
Research Articles
Author Biographies

Dr. Lalanthi De Silva, Veterinary Medical Education Unit, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, University of Peradeniya

Lecturer (Probationary), Veterinary Medical Education Unit, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, University of Peradeniya

Dr. Chanaka Rabel, Department of Farm Animal Production and Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine & Animal Science, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka

Senior Lecturer,

Department of Veterinary Farm Animal Production and Health,

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine & Animal Science,

University of Peradeniya,

Sri Lanka

Prof. S. Samita, Dept. of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka

Senior Professor,

Dept. of Crop Science, F

aculty of Agriculture,

University of Peradeniya,

Sri Lanka

Dr. Nicola Smith, School of Veterinary Science, Massey University, New Zealand

Senior Lecturer,

School of Veterinary Science,

Massey University,

New Zealand

Dr. Lachlan McIntyre, School of Veterinary Science, Massey University, New Zealand

Programme Director,

International Veterinary Education Partnerships,

School of Veterinary Science,

Massey University,

New Zealand

Prof. Tim Parkinson, School of Veterinary Sciences Massey University, New Zealand

Emirates Proffessor,

School of Veterinary Sciences,

Massey University,

New Zealand

Prof. Nayana Wijayawardhane, Dept. of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka

Professor, 

Dept. of Veterinary Clinical Sciences,

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science,

University of Peradeniya,

Sri Lanka

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