Teaching Applied Exercise Physiology Using a Prototype Energy Expenditure Measurement Device
Main Article Content
Undergraduate and graduate students in courses designed to introduce research techniques in exercise physiology were provided the novel opportunity through Project-based Learning (PBL) to utilize a prototype device to measure energy expenditure (EE). This report summarizes how EE measurements were incorporated via PBL into course-required experiments and determined perceived understanding of exercise and metabolism. Undergraduate experiments included measurement of EE following high intensity cycling preceded by a motivating yell, and EE after upper-body and lower-body exercise performed at simulated altitude. Graduate experiments included evaluation of the EE cost of skipping, and EE during longboard skateboarding. Undergraduate students perceived greater increases in competencies while graduate students seized the opportunity to design more creative experiments that pushed the boundaries of their education.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
1. Publication and Promotion: In consideration of the Publisher’s agreement to publish the Work, Author hereby grants and assigns to Publisher the non-exclusive right to print, publish, reproduce, or distribute the Work throughout the world in all means of expression by any method now known or hereafter developed, including electronic format, and to market or sell the Work orany part of it as Publisher sees fit. Author further grants Publisher the right to use Author’s name in association with the Work inpublished form and in advertising and promotional materials
2. Copyright: Copyright of the Work remains in Author’s name.
3. Prior Publication and Attribution: Author agrees not to publish the Work in print form prior to publication of the Work by the Publisher. Author agrees to cite, by author, title, and publisher, the original Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-based Learning publication when publishing the Work elsewhere
4. Author Representations: The Author represents and warrants that the Work:
(a) is the Author’s original Work and that Author has full power to enter into this Agreement;
(b) does not infringe the copyright or property of another;
(c) contains no material which is obscene, libelous, defamatory or previously published, in whole or in part.
Author shall indemnify and hold Publisher harmless against loss of expenses arising from breach of any such warranties.
5. Licensing and Reuse: Reuse of the published Work will be governed by a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/ by-nc/4.0/). This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon the Work non-commercially; although new works must acknowledge the original Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-based Learning publication and be non-commercial, they do not have to be licensed on the same terms.
Bassett, D. R., Jr. (2002). Scientific contributions of A. V. Hill: exercise physiology pioneer. J Appl Physiol (1985), 93(5), 1567-1582. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.01246.2001
Board, W. J., & Browning, R. C. (2014). Self-selected speeds and metabolic cost of longboard skateboarding. Eur J Appl Physiol, 114(11), 2381-2386. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-014-2959-x
Braun, B., & Horton, T. (2001). Endocrine regulation of exercise substrate utilization in women compared to men. Exerc Sport Sci Rev, 29(4), 149-154. https://doi.org/10.1097/00003677-200110000-00003
Burger, J. L., Parker, K., Cason, L., Hauck, S., Kaetzel, D., O'Nan, C., & White, A. (2010). Responses to work complexity: the novice to expert effect. West J Nurs Res, 32(4), 497-510. https://doi.org/10.1177/0193945909355149
Compher, C., Frankenfield, D., Keim, N., Roth-Yousey, L., & Evidence Analysis Working, G. (2006). Best practice methods to apply to measurement of resting metabolic rate in adults: a systematic review. J Am Diet Assoc, 106(6), 881-903. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jada.2006.02.009
Daley, B. J. (1999). Novice to expert: an exploration of how professionals learn. Adult Education Quarterly, 49(4), 133-147.
Ferrar, K., Evans, H., Smith, A., Parfitt, G., & Eston, R. (2014). A systematic review and meta-analysis of submaximal exercise-based equations to predict maximal oxygen uptake in young people. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 26(3), 342-357. https://doi.org/10.1123/pes.2013-0153
Frankenfield, D., Roth-Yousey, L., & Compher, C. (2005). Comparison of predictive equations for resting metabolic rate in healthy nonobese and obese adults: a systematic review. J Am Diet Assoc, 105(5), 775-789. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jada.2005.02.005
Frymier, A. B., Shulman, G. M., & Houser, M. (1996). The development of a learner empowerment measure. Communication Education, 45, 181-199.
Gaesser, G. A., & Brooks, G. A. (1984). Metabolic bases of excess post-exercise oxygen consumption: a review. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 16(1), 29-43. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6369064
Gottschall, J. S., & Kram, R. (2005). Energy cost and muscular activity required for leg swing during walking. J Appl Physiol (1985), 99(1), 23-30. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.01190.2004
Grant, M. M. (2011). Learning, Beliefs, and Products: Students’ Perspectives with Project-based Learning. Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning, 5(2), Article 6. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.7771/1541-5015.1254
Hale, T. (2008). History of developments in sport and exercise physiology: A. V. Hill, maximal oxygen uptake, and oxygen debt. J Sports Sci, 26(4), 365-400. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410701701016
Harrell, J. S., McMurray, R. G., Baggett, C. D., Pennell, M. L., Pearce, P. F., & Bangdiwala, S. I. (2005). Energy costs of physical activities in children and adolescents. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 37(2), 329-336. https://doi.org/10.1249/01.mss.0000153115.33762.3f
Hetzler, R. K., Hunt, I., Stickley, C. D., & Kimura, I. F. (2011). Selected metabolic responses to skateboarding. Res Q Exerc Sport, 82(4), 788-793. https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2011.10599816
Ivy, J. L. (2007). Exercise Physiology: A Brief History and Recommendations Regarding Content Requirements for the Kinesiology Major. Quest, 59, 34-41.
Kaiyala, K. J., Wisse, B. E., & Lighton, J. R. B. (2019). Validation of an equation for energy expenditure that does not require the respiratory quotient. PLoS One, 14(2), e0211585. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0211585
Kenny, W. L., Wilmore, J. H., & Costill, D. L. (2020). Physiology of Sport and Exercise (7th ed.). Human Kinetics.
Lewis, L. K., & Hayward, P. A. (2003). Choice-based learning: student reactions in an undergraduate organizational communication course. Communication Education, 52(2), 148-159.
Montero, D., Diaz-Canestro, C., & Lundby, C. (2015). Endurance Training and V O2max: Role of Maximal Cardiac Output and Oxygen Extraction. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 47(10), 2024-2033. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000000640
Navalta, J. W., Lyons, T. S., Pereira, G. B., Arnett, S. W., Schafer, M. A., Esslinger, F. T., & Sobrero, G. L. (2012). Effectiveness of a Blended Instruction utilizing On-Line Lectures and Split Classes in delivering an Applied Exercise Physiology Course. Medical Physiology Online, 2012. https://medicalphysiologyonline.wordpress.com/2012/01/14/
Navalta, J. W., Tanner, E. A., & Bodell, N. G. (2018). Acute Normobaric Hypoxia Exposure and Excess Post-Exercise Oxygen Consumption. Aerosp Med Hum Perform, 89(12), 1031-1035. https://doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5162.2018
Savery, J. R. (2006). Overview of Problem-based Learning: Deﬁnitions and Distinctions. Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning, 1(1). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.7771/1541-5015.1002
Sedlock, D. A. (1991). Postexercise energy expenditure following upper body exercise. Res Q Exerc Sport, 62(2), 213-216. https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.1991.10608712
Smith, A. E., Evans, H., Parfitt, G., Eston, R., & Ferrar, K. (2016). Submaximal Exercise-Based Equations to Predict Maximal Oxygen Uptake in Older Adults: A Systematic Review. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 97(6), 1003-1012. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2015.09.023
Tipton, C. M. (2008). Susruta of India, an unrecognized contributor to the history of exercise physiology. J Appl Physiol (1985), 104(6), 1553-1556. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00925.2007
Tipton, C. M. (2014). The history of "Exercise Is Medicine" in ancient civilizations. Adv Physiol Educ, 38(2), 109-117. https://doi.org/10.1152/advan.00136.2013
Trnova, E., & Trna, J. (2011). Hands-on experimental activities in inquiry-based science education. Proceedings Book of the Joint International Conference MPTL,
Weinheimer, E. M., Sands, L. P., & Campbell, W. W. (2010). A systematic review of the separate and combined effects of energy restriction and exercise on fat-free mass in middle-aged and older adults: implications for sarcopenic obesity. Nutr Rev, 68(7), 375-388. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1753-4887.2010.00298.x
Weir, J. B. (1949). New methods for calculating metabolic rate with special reference to protein metabolism. J Physiol, 109(1-2), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.1949.sp004363
Welch, A. S., & Tschampl, M. (2012). Something to Shout About: A Simple, Quick Performance Enhancement Technique Improved Strength in Both Experts and Novices. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 24(4), 418-428. https://doi.org/10.1080/10413200.2012.688787
Yazici, H. J. (2005). A study of collaborative learning style and team learning performance. Education + Training, 47(3), 216-229. https://doi.org/DOI 10.1108/00400910510592257