Photogrammetry for Digitization and Digital Display as a Sustainable Way to Develop Vietnam’s Museum Sector? A Co-Designed Action Research Project between RMIT University and the Vietnamese Women’s Museum

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Emma Duester
Michal Teague
Ondris Pui


This paper explores how photogrammetry and free, open-source software can be used to sustainably develop museum sector capacity to digitize and publish Vietnam’s cultural heritage online. This approach was developed and applied during a digitization project as a solution to overcome challenges experienced in Vietnam concerning a lack of human, technical and financial resources. This paper draws on findings from a co-designed action research project between RMIT University Vietnam (RMIT) and the Vietnamese Women’s Museum (VWM) that developed an approach to create 3D (3 Dimensional) digital artifacts of their Betel Nut Collection using free, open-source software and applying the technique of photogrammetry. The aim was to co-design and co-produce a sustainable solution focused on readily available and easy-to-use digital technologies. However, not all artifacts could be digitized using this method, which sheds light on the challenges and opportunities of digitizing cultural heritage in the Global South. Overall, this sustainable approach can be applied by other museums and cultural institutions and can be a way to empower museums in the Global South to digitize and digitally display cultural heritage artifacts.


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Duester, E., Teague, M., & Pui, O. (2023). Photogrammetry for Digitization and Digital Display as a Sustainable Way to Develop Vietnam’s Museum Sector? A Co-Designed Action Research Project between RMIT University and the Vietnamese Women’s Museum . Studies in Digital Heritage, 7(1), 68–90.
Research Articles
Author Biographies

Emma Duester, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China

Dr. Emma Duester has been a Lecturer in the School of Communication and Design at RMIT University (Vietnam) from 2019 until 2023. Emma is principal investigator of a research project entitled ‘Digitization of Art and Culture in Vietnam.’ She is the author of ‘Digitization and Culture in Vietnam’ (Routledge, 2023) and ‘The Politics of Migration and Mobility in the Art World: Transnational Baltic Artistic Practices Across Europe’ (Intellect, 2021). She has also been Associate Lecturer at the University of Roehampton, the University of the Arts London and Goldsmiths, University of London. Emma received a PhD in Media and Communications from Goldsmiths, University of London, in 2017. Her areas of research interest include the art and culture sector, preservation of cultural heritage, digital technologies, and transnational communication.

Michal Teague, RMIT University, Vietnam

Michal Teague is an Associate Lecturer in the School of Communication and Design at RMIT University and co-investigator of a research project entitled ‘Digitization of Art and Culture in Vietnam.’ She has curated and organised creative industry workshops, exhibitions, and seminars for the ‘Vietnam Festival of Creativity & Design’ in Hanoi. Teague has worked professionally as a transnational practitioner educator in art, design and communication in the Middle East and Vietnam. She holds a Master of Art in Public Space from RMIT University, Melbourne. Prior to becoming an educator, she directed a graphic design agency for over 10 years in Sydney, Australia. Teague’s research and creative praxis focuses on urban spaces, speculative design, design curation, social and co-design, the creative and cultural industries and the digital preservation of cultural heritage.

Ondris Pui, RMIT University, Vietnam

Ondris Pui is a transdisciplinary educator and practitioner working at the intersection of media, design, and cultural studies, with a research emphasis on Higher Education, digital cultures, and alternative media. Pui’s current research focus is using interaction design to encourage physical activity through sports in virtual and physical space using augmented reality, virtual reality, interaction design, and motion graphics. Ondris obtained a Master of Multimedia (Design), from the University of Sydney. He received an RMIT Award for Excellence in Learning and Teaching in 2018 for preparing future-ready design students through the enhancement of curriculum based on rapidly evolving AR (Augmented Reality) & VR (Virtual Reality) technologies and the establishment of the Mixed Reality Lab.


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