Virtual Research Environment for digital 3D reconstructions – Standards, thresholds and prospects

Main Article Content

Piotr Kuroczynski

Abstract

 Since the 1990s the application of the digital 3D reconstruction and computer-based visualisation of cultural

heritage increased. The virtual reconstruction and 3D visualisation revealed a new “glittering” research space for

object-oriented disciplines such as archaeology, art history and architecture. Nevertheless the academics

concerned with the uprising technology recognised early the lack of documentation standards in the 3D

projects leading to the loss of information, findings and the fusion of knowledge behind the digital 3D

representation. Based on the methodological fundamentals of the digital 3D reconstruction the potentials and

challenges in the light of emerging Semantic Web and Web3D technologies will be introduced. The presentation

subscribes a scientific methodology and a collaborative web-based research environment followed by crucial

features for this kind of projects. As the groundwork a human- and machine-readable “language of objects” and

the implementation of this semantic patterns for spatial research purposes on destroyed and/or never realised

tangible cultural heritage will be discussed. Using examples from the practice the presentation explains the

requirements of the Semantic Web (Linked Data), the role of controlled vocabularies, the architecture of the VRE

and the impact of a customised integration of interactive 3D models within the WebGL technology. The

presentation intends to showcase the state-of-the-art on the way to a digital research infrastructure. The focus

lies on the introduction of scholarly approved and sustainable digital 3D reconstruction, complaint with

recognised documentation standards and following the Linked Data requirements.

Article Details

How to Cite
Kuroczynski, P. (2017). Virtual Research Environment for digital 3D reconstructions – Standards, thresholds and prospects. Studies in Digital Heritage, 1(2), 456-476. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.14434/sdh.v1i2.23330
Section
Special Issue "Cultural Heritage and New Technologies 2016"
Author Biography

Piotr Kuroczynski, Hochschule Mainz — University of Applied Sciences / Fachbereich Technik — School of Technology

Scientific member of staff and project coordinator at the Herder Institute for Historical Research on East Central Europe – Institute of the Leibniz Association.
Since 2002 specializing in the field of digital hypothetical 3D reconstruction and exhibition design. Since 2005 research and teaching experience in the unit »Information and communication technology in architecture« (Prof. Manfred Koob, † 2011) at the Darmstadt University of Technology (Ph.D. in 2010), inter alia digital 3D reconstruction of the Moscow Kremlin (Russia), St. Peter cathedral in Rom (Vatican), the medieval Vratislavia (Poland). Since 2010 lecturer in the unit »CAD in Architecture« at the Warsaw University of Technology and in the unit »Digital Design« at the Darmstadt University of Technology. Founder and convenor of the working group »Digital Reconstruction« of »Digital Humanities in German-speaking region« association.
Scientific focus on »Virtual Research Environment« and »Virtual Museums«, semantic data modelling, 3D modelling, documentation and visualisation standards for digital 3D reconstruction of cultural heritage, in particular for 3D data sets.