Archaeological Excavation and Documentation of Kafir Kala Fortress

Main Article Content

Tomoyuki Usami
Alisher Begmatov
Takao Uno


The site of Kafir Kala is located in the south-east of modern Samarkand city, Uzbekistan, and well-known for its unique sealings and other artifacts. Since 2013, the Japanese-Uzbek joint archaeological expedition has been carrying out excavations and digital surveys on this site, mainly focusing on the fortress area. This paper is a preliminary presentation of newly excavated pre-Islamic structures and 3D models, contributing to a better understanding of the urban settlement history of pre-Islamic Samarkand, as well as other regions of Central Asia.   

Article Details

How to Cite
Usami, T., Begmatov, A., & Uno, T. (2017). Archaeological Excavation and Documentation of Kafir Kala Fortress. Studies in Digital Heritage, 1(2), 785-796.
Special Issue "Cultural Heritage and New Technologies 2016"
Author Biographies

Tomoyuki Usami


Alisher Begmatov, Dept. of Letters Kyoto University


Takao Uno, Department of Culture and Creativity Tezukayama University