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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word file format.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the APA 7th edition stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Submit manuscripts consistent with the American Psychological Association (APA) style. For more information on APA style, refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Seventh Edition or these APA formatting guidelines. Submit Word documents. No supplementary files will be accepted.