Prevalence and Effect of Psychological Intervention during Sport Injury Recovery: A Focus on Amateur Athletes

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Alyssa Trelstad


Depression and olhcr social and emotional symptoms are recognized com­plications of sport injury (Brewer, Jelfers, Petitpas, & Van Raaltc, 1994: Pod­log, et al., 2013). With more than half of America's youth participating in organized sports. research to support positive recovery practices is more important than ever (Healy, 2013). It has long been established that sport injuries transcend the physiological complications and effect other aspects of the athlete's life including their mental health (Brewer, Jelfers, Petitpas, Van Raalte, 1994). When participation is stopped suddenly due to acute injury, the athlete's stress outlet, social support, and self-determination are as well (Podlog, et al., 2013). Because the complications of sport injury are recognized as going beyond the physiological side elfects, the question then becomes to what degree should helping professionals (psychologists, coun­selors, etc.) assist in approving athletes to return to participation (return-to-play protocol)? Should psychological factors be considered regarding return­-to-play? And who among the many supporters of young athletes (i.e., parents, coaches, athletic trainers, oursts, school counselors, etc.) should be deciding protocols for psychological intervention during sport injury recovery? The following is a compilation of research surrounding current return-to­-play practices with an emphasis on the social and emotional support available and effects of this support.


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