The Valuation System of the Quechua in Peru

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Elise Boruvka


The Quechua language in Peru continues to decrease in prevalence and importance at the risk of Quechua cultural and ancestral values. This occurs because of the economic and social benefits perceived from speaking Spanish. This paper analyzes the role and influence of families, communities, the economy, the government and nongovernmental organizations in perpetuating the prevalence and preference of Spanish over the Quechua language. Factors such as language formalization, cultural values and social power affect the teaching and understanding of Quechua, thereby influencing the preservation of values embedded within the language itself. One must understand these factors in order to address not only the educational deficiencies that exist but also the valuation and preservation of the Quechua language and culture itself.

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