3D GIS for building archeology – Combining old and new data in a three-dimensional information system in the case study of Lund Cathedral

Main Article Content

Martina Polig

Abstract

Traditionally, building archeology is conducted by creating and interpreting 2D documentation, even though the spatial properties of a building are not fully expressed in 2D. The reason for neglecting the third dimension has been mostly due to technical limitations in data acquisition and creation, as well as visualization. The fast progress in 3D technology puts an end to those limitations even though its full potential is still yet to be explored.

This study shows how a 3D GIS can be applied from the outset of a building archaeological study to create a three-dimensional information system connected to a geometrically accurate 3D model of a structure.

The case study investigates Lund Cathedral (Sweden) and is linked to a larger research project launched in occasion of the cathedral’s 900th anniversary in 2023 (“Lund Cathedral 2023”). Within the framework of this project, the cathedral was acquired digitally through laser scanning and photogrammetry. The building is characterized by a complex building history with a multitude of changes and renovations. Gaining an understanding of all interventions, as well as managing the different types of datasets created during two centuries of study is a challenge.

In order to overcome these difficulties, various datasets (from excavations, wall analyses, georadar, etc.) and their relevant metadata were imported into the ArcGIS software and linked to a geometrically accurate 3D model of the church, placing all pieces of information in their correct spatial position. Thus, data that was previously impossible to view simultaneously and in the same space can be displayed together, creating a unique holistic oversight of the available material. Through the flexibility and versatility of the system, information can be displayed and queried at will, as well as updated continuously, greatly facilitating interpretation and making it an important resource throughout the entire building archaeological study

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Polig, M. (2017). 3D GIS for building archeology – Combining old and new data in a three-dimensional information system in the case study of Lund Cathedral. Studies in Digital Heritage, 1(2), 225–238. https://doi.org/10.14434/sdh.v1i2.23253
Section
Special Issue "Cultural Heritage and New Technologies 2016"

References

Giorgio Agugiaro and Fabio Remondino. 2014. 3D GIS for Cultural Heritage Sites: The QueryArch3D Prototype. In Stefano Campana and Fabio Remondino, eds. 3D Modeling in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage – Theory and Best Practices. . BAR International Series 2598. Oxford: Archaeopress, 2014.

Peter Allen et al. (2004). “Seeing into the Past: Creating a 3D Modeling Pipeline for Archaeological Visualization.” In Proceedings 3D Data Processing, Visualization & Transmission (3DPVT '04), Thessaloniki, Greece, Sept. 6–9, 751–758.

Erik Cinthio. 1957. Lunds Domkyrka under Romansk Tid. In Acta Archaeologica Lundensia: Series in 8o 1. Lund.

James Conolly and Mark Lake. 2004. Geographical Information Systems in Archaeology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Livio De Luca et al. 2011. A Semantic-Based Platform for the Digital Analysis of Architectural Heritage. Computers & Graphics 35, 2 (2011), 227–41. doi:10.1016/j.cag.2010.11.009.

Nicoló Dell’Unto et al. 2016. Experiencing Ancient Buildings from a 3D GIS Perspective: A Case Drawn from the Swedish Pompeii Project. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 23, 1 (2016), 73–94. doi:10.1007/s10816-014-9226-7.

Michael Doneus and Wolfgang Neubauer. 2005. 3D Laser Scanners on Archaeological Excavations. In Proceedings of the XXth International Symposium CIPA, Torino, 226–231.

Maurizio Forte et al. . 2015. Interpretation Process at Çatalhöyük Using 3D. In I. Hodder and A. Marciniak, eds. Themes in Contemporary Archaeology: Assembling Çatalhöyük ., Leeds: Maney Publishing.

Bernard Frischer. 2008. Introduction. From Digital Illustration to Digital Heuristics. In Beyond Illustration: 2D and 3D Digital Technologies as Tools for Discovery in Archaeology, edited by Bernard Frischer and Anastasia Dakouri-Hild. BAR International Series 1805. Oxford: Archaeopress, v-xxiv.

P. Hacιgüzeller. 2012. GIS, Critique, Representation and beyond. Journal of Social Archaeology 12, 2 (2012), 245–63. doi:10.1177/1469605312439139.

D. M. Jones. 2011. 3D Laser Scanning for Heritage. Advice and Guidance to Users on Laser Scanning in Archaeology and Architecture. 2nd ed. Swindon: English Heritage Publishing.

Markos Katsianis et al. 2008. A 3D Digital Workflow for Archaeological Intra-Site Research Using GIS. Journal of Archaeological Science 35, 3(2008), 655–67. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2007.06.002.

Micheline Kurdy et al.2011. 3D Virtual Anastylosis and Reconstruction of Several Buildings in the Site of Saint-Simeon, Syria. In The 4th International Workshop 3D-ARCH 2011 “3D Virtual Reconstruction and Visualization of Complex Architectures” 2-4 March 2011, Trento, Italy, 45-52.

Giacomo Landeschi et al. 2016. 3D-GIS as a Platform for Visual Analysis: Investigating a Pompeian House. Journal of Archaeological Science 65, 1 (2016), 103–13. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2015.11.002

Marcos Llobera. 2011. Archaeological Visualization: Towards an Archaeological Information Science (AISc). Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 18, (2011), 193–223. doi:10.1007/s10816-0109098-4.

Gary Lock. 2001. Theorising the Practice or Practicing the Theory: Archaeology and GIS. Archaeologia Polona 39 (2001), 153–64.

L.-M. Losier et al. 2007. 3D Geometrical Modeling of Excavation Units at the Archaeological Site of Tell ‘Acharneh (Syria). Journal of Archaeological Science 34, 2 (2007), 272–88. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2006.05.008.

Franco Niccolucci et al. 2015. “The Formal Logical Foundations of Archaeological Ontologies.pdf.” In Mathematics and Archaeology. Boca Ratan [FL]: CRC Press 86–99.

Otto Rydbeck. 1953. Lundensiska Stenhuggarmärken. Lund, 1953.

Thomas Rydén and Björn Lovén. 1995. Domkyrkan I Lund. Malmö : Corona.

Colin Ware. 2004. Information Visualization: Perception and Design. 2nd ed. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science & Technology Books.

David Wheatley and Mark Gillings. 2002. Spatial Technology and Archaeology: The Archeaological Applications of GIS. New York: Taylor & Francis.