Journal of Student Research at Indiana University East <p>&nbsp;The&nbsp;<em>Journal of Student Research at Indiana University East</em> (<em>JSR@IUE) </em>selectively publishes the accomplishments of dedicated undergraduate and graduate students' research, scholarship, &amp; creative activity.</p> Indiana University East en-US Journal of Student Research at Indiana University East <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:<br><br></p> <ol type="a"> <li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.<br>&nbsp;</li> <li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See&nbsp;<a href="" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).<br><br></li> <li><strong><strong>Student authors waive <a title="Student Rights: FERPA" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">FERPA</a> rights for only the publication of the author submitted works.<br>Specifically: </strong></strong>Students of Indiana University East voluntarily agree to submit their own works to <em>The Journal of Student Research at Indiana University East</em>, with full understanding of FERPA rights and in recognition that for this one, specific instance they understand that&nbsp;<em>The Journal of Student Research at Indiana University East</em> is Public and Open Access. Additionally, the Journal is viewable via the Internet and searchable via Indiana University, Google, and Google-Scholar search engines.</li> </ol> Preface <p>Verso, TOC, and Letter from Co-Editors</p> Sue McFadden ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-19 2019-02-19 1 1 2 4 JSRIUE Spring 2019 Vol. 1 Issue 1 - Image contents <p>JSRIUE Spring 2019 Vol. 1 Issue 1 - Image contents: Journal Covers and section images</p> Sue McFadden ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-19 2019-02-19 1 1 1 44 Letters to Hannah Webster Foster <p>Hannah Webster Foster's point of view illuminates the unfair and hypocritical mores of eighteenth-century America, which places moral responsibility on women while their male counterparts emerge unscathed.</p> Robin R Alsoffi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-12 2018-11-12 1 1 Alexa Loses Her Voice <p>The purpose of this research is to investigate the Super Bowl LII’s most popular advertisement <em>Alexa Loses Her Voice</em>.&nbsp; The advertisement shows many white or light-skinned actors voicing Alexa.&nbsp; This advertisement plays into sexualization in media, beauty ideals, social identities, and it fits and promotes many stereotypes that have been portrayed in the media for years.&nbsp; In order to explore these issues, the investigator employed rhetorical analysis techniques guided by critical theory lenses including critical race theory and feminism.&nbsp;&nbsp; Among the author’s findings are evidence of women being sexualized in the advertisement, a false idea of beauty being portrayed, and the presence of common race-related stereotypes.</p> Madison Schlamb ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-12 2018-11-12 1 1 Is Beer Beauty in the Eye of the Beholder? Ratings of Professionals and Nonprofessionals <p class="TextBody">This archival study investigated appraisers of beer aesthetic quality. In total, over 700 beers were randomly selected from beer critic books that contained quantitative ratings, and critics’ ratings were analyzed in terms of histograms and related statistics. We compared beers from professional beer critics’ books, professional websites and nonprofessional consumer websites (<em>N</em> = 2,200 ratings). It was predicted that professionals would have positive correlations in their ratings, with ratings showing mound-shaped distributions of ratings approaching normality. Nonprofessionals, in contrast, were predicted to be less positively correlated with each other and to show less normalized distributions. Support for the hypotheses was mixed.</p> Grace Allred Nina Filippini Duane Lundy ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-08-01 2018-08-01 1 1 Length and Robusticity of Metacarpals and Metatarsals to Estimate Physiological Sex from Ancient Maya Skeletal Remains In Northern Belize For bioarchaeologists, physiological sex estimation based off of skeletal indicators is a crucial element when conducting a biological profile of human remains. While there are several methods for estimating sex, primarily involving examining cranial and pelvic morphology, one method that remains understudied is metric analysis of metatarsal and metacarpal bones. Since human males and females are sexually dimorphic, the ability to discriminate biological sex from metatarsals and metacarpals is possible and has been shown to be valid. For example, the work of Case and co-workers utilize metacarpal and metatarsal to estimate sex of individuals with European ancestry (Case &amp; Ross, 2007) while others have approached this problem elsewhere (Agnihotri, Shukla &amp; Purwar, 2006; Wilbur, 1998; Stojanowski, 1999). Through gathering and analyzing osteometric data on male and female Maya remains from site Nojol Nah in Blue Creek, Belize, this research will show how in population specific instances, osteometric data from metacarpals and metatarsals may prove useful when trying to discriminate biological sex from skeletal remains. Seth W. Winstead Katherine A. Miller Wolf Hannah Plumer Thomas Guderjan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-08-01 2018-08-01 1 1 Mad Scientist Behind the Scenes: <p>A narrative reflection about applying skills and learning to practical work.</p> Elizabeth Mae Miller ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-08-01 2018-08-01 1 1