Minding the Gap: Mentor and Pre-service Teachers’ Ability Perceptions of Content Area Literacy Instruction

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Treavor Bogard Mary-Kate Sableski Jackie Arnold Connie Bowman


This mixed method study compared how student teachers rated their ability in implementing components of content area literacy compared to their clinical educators’ perceptions of the  student teachers’ actual performance. The researchers collaborated with K-12 clinical educators to develop a scaled survey to rate level of skill in four components of content literacy instruction. 112 clinical educators (CEs) and 183 student teachers (STs) representing five teacher licensure programs completed the survey. A two-way multivariate analysis of variance measured the effect of Role (CE and ST) and Teacher Licensure Program on ability perception. Results indicated that Role and Program each significantly affected ratings of the four content literacy component skills measured, but the effect of Role did not significantly differ based on Program. Participants’ written explanations of their ability ratings revealed how their mental models of content literacy accounted for differences in ability perception by Role. Implications are provided for enhancing pre-service teachers’ perceptual and qualitative awareness of the practices that underlie highly effective content-area literacy instruction. 


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How to Cite
Bogard, T., Sableski, M.-K., Arnold, J., & Bowman, C. (2017). Minding the Gap: Mentor and Pre-service Teachers’ Ability Perceptions of Content Area Literacy Instruction. Journal of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, 17(4), 44-66. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.14434/josotl.v17i4.21885
Author Biography

Treavor Bogard, University of Dayton

Assistant Professor 

Department of Teacher Education

School of Education and Health Sciences