Two Models for Teaching ESL Developmental Readers in College: A Question of Effectiveness

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Natalia Knoblock
Judy Youngquist


Finding an effective instruction mode for ESL students in the US educational system has not been an easy task. The country’s secondary and tertiary institutions continue to struggle to meet the needs of their large non-native student populations. The article revisits the debate whether sheltered instruction is an effective model to follow. In our study, a sheltered section of a college-level reading class was more effective in improving students’ reading abilities compared to mainstream sections where the international students were mixed with native speakers.


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Knoblock, N., & Youngquist, J. (2016). Two Models for Teaching ESL Developmental Readers in College: A Question of Effectiveness. Journal of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, 16(5), 49–69.


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