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After the Second World War (WWII), a shift in access to higher education shaped many colleges and universities, including Indiana University (IU). The 1960s at IU ushered in change for educational equality for “disadvantaged students” through the establishment of the Groups Scholars Program (Groups) founded in 1968. The importance of the foundational practices established by the Groups program is addressed along with its longevity at IU. This historical analysis of the Groups program and the environment at IU was completed through archival and secondary sources. Through this historical analysis, the first section of this paper addresses how Black student activism influenced diversity at IU and in the community in the 1960s, the second section addresses the factors that contributed to the establishment of Groups in 1968, and the final section provides suggestions and concluding thoughts.