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When Germany lost World War II in 1945, there was a lot of joy and relief spread around the world. Unless one was part of the Axis, it was thought that the "good guys" won and the world would never have to deal with a global war again. The three main winners from the Allies side were the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union. However, there was a political conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union. The United States promoted Democracy and Capitalism, while the Soviet Union promoted Communism and Marxism. There developed a great amount of strain on both sides, and a fear that nuclear war would break out between both nations, something that the world had never seen before. One of the major events that took place during the Cold War was the Space Race. The United States and the Soviet Union believed that if they controlled space, then they could control the world. After both nations realized that the other could control space, the race to space was on. It was the three presidential administrations, Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon, that realized the importance of space exploration and their visions, maximum effort, and leadership made America the first nation to send a man to the moon and come back safely to Earth.