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The Ancient Mayan and Egyptian civilizations were extremely complex societies with highly developed systems of belief. Religion was very important to each society and affected every aspect of their people's lives. When comparing the Egyptian creation story of Atum with the Mayan creation story found in the Popol Vuh in addition to each civilizations beliefs, many interesting similarities and differences are found. Some of these si milarities and differences are highlighted: the earth coming from water, the creation of man, the stability of the universe, and the importance of the Nile verses maize in each culture. These similarities and differences become understandable when viewed in the context of each society's social structure, everyday life, environment, and religion.
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