IULC Working Papers https://scholarworks.iu.edu/journals/index.php/iulcwp <p>The IULC Working Papers (IULCWP) disseminates peer-reviewed research from a range of departments in the broader linguistics community at Indiana University. ISSN&nbsp;1524-2110.</p> en-US IULC Working Papers 1524-2110 <p>The Indiana University Linguistics Club Working Papers (the "Publisher") and Author(s) agree as follows.&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1. Publication and Promotion: In consideration of the Publisher's agreement to publish the Work, Author hereby grants and assigns to Publisher the non-exclusive right to print, publish, reproduce, or distribute the Work throughout the world in all means of expression by any method known or hereafter developed, including electronic format. Author further grants Publisher the right to use Author's name in association with the Work in published form and in advertising and promotional materials.&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 2. Copyright: Copyright of the Work remains in the Author's name.&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 3. Prior Publication and Attribution: Author agrees not to publish the Work in print form prior to publication of the Work by the Publisher. Author agrees to notify IULCWP before publishing the Work elsewhere.&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 4. Author Representations: The Author represents and warrants that the Work: (a) is the Author's original Work and that the Author has full power to enter into this Agreement; (b) does not infringe the copyright or property of another; (c) contains no material that is obscene, libelous, or defamatory. Author shall indemnify and hold Publisher harmless against loss of expenses arising from breach of any such warranties.&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 5. Licensing and Reuse: Reuse of the published Work will be governed by a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ ). This lets others remix, tweak, and build upon the Work non-commercially; although new works must acknowledge the original IULCWP publication and be non-commercial, they do not have to be licensed on the same terms.&nbsp;</p> Syncope, Syllabification and Laryngeal Licensing in Icelandic https://scholarworks.iu.edu/journals/index.php/iulcwp/article/view/26046 <div>Although preaspiration has been discussed extensively in the literature on Icelandic phonology (Thráinsson 1978, Oresnik 1978, Ringen 1999), previous analyses have missed the crucial relationship between preaspiration and prosody, sonority, syllabification and the licensing of laryngeal contrasts in the language. In this paper I will provide a novel OT analysis of preaspiration on the basis of synchronic alternations in disyllabic roots. I argue that this cross-linguistically uncommon phenomenon falls out rather naturally from other independently motivated (and relatively unremarkable) properties of Icelandic prosody, sonority, syllabification, and laryngeal phonology. Its typological rarity is therefore best illuminated by a complex interaction of unrelated constraints.</div> Stefon Michael Flego ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-21 2018-11-21 18 1 Caracterización sociofonética de la vibrante alveolar múltiple en Madrid https://scholarworks.iu.edu/journals/index.php/iulcwp/article/view/26047 <p>En este estudio se realiza un análisis sociolingüístico variacionista de la realización de la vibrante múltiple en Madrid. El análisis incluye dos variables dependientes: (i) producción prototípica de /r/ en función del número de oclusiones y (ii) la duración de /r/. Los resultados muestran que la realización prototípica es la variante más frecuente en Madrid (65% de los casos), aunque las realizaciones no prototípicas son comunes también (35%). Con respecto a las oclusiones, se encontró que los hombres producen variantes prototípicas con más frecuencia que las mujeres. Asimismo, los hablantes con menor nivel educativo producían variantes no prototípicas más frecuentemente. Con respecto a la duración, los hablantes de edad más avanzada favorecen la realización de /r/ con más duración. Asimismo, se encontró que cuanto mayor es el número de configuraciones fonológicamente cercanas de alta frecuencia, la vibrante múltiple presenta mayor duración. El presente estudio aporta una doble contribución al estudio variacionista de las vibrantes españolas pues, por un lado, se analiza el efecto de variables lingüísticas que hasta ahora habían quedado relativamente inexploradas y, por otro, se explora la cuestión de un tipo de variación estable frente a un cambio en curso.</p> Fernando Melero-Garcia ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-21 2018-11-21 18 1 Using Corpus Data to Examine Collocational Patterns, Lexicographic Representation, and the Nature of Near-synonymy https://scholarworks.iu.edu/journals/index.php/iulcwp/article/view/26048 <p>Working from corpus data collected for near-synonymous adjectives, this paper argues that the subtle differences found in the near-synonymous relationships between the senses of lexical units are relevant for the structure of the lexicon and also have implications for lexicography. Whether there is definable nuance in meaning that distinguishes the use of one near-synonymous adjective over another is an important question. If usage trends found in corpus data reveal subtle but definable semantic nuance between near-synonyms, then this fine-grained distinction should be reflected in dictionaries—particularly learner’s dictionaries since language learners depend on their content to achieve native-sounding language. The present study examines the nature of near-synonymy in English by analyzing semantic relationships in two pairs of near-synonymous adjectives (i.e.,&nbsp;<em>big</em>/<em>large</em>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<em>enormous</em>/<em>huge</em>) and the nouns with which they frequently collocate. Data were collected from&nbsp;<em>The Corpus of Contemporary American English</em>, and WordNet Search 3.1 online was used to sort the nouns modified by each of the near-synonymous adjectives into semantic categories. Edmonds and Hirst’s (2002) cluster model of lexical knowledge provides suitable representation of the fine-grained aspects of meaning and behavior that distinguish near-synonyms. The model facilitates interpretation of the data presented here, which may benefit the representation of near-synonyms in English learner’s dictionaries in the future.</p> Sara Sowers-Wills ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-21 2018-11-21 18 1 A Perceptual Dialect Map of Oklahoma https://scholarworks.iu.edu/journals/index.php/iulcwp/article/view/26049 <div>This paper explores the perceptions that people in Oklahoma have about linguistic variation in the state. Respondents from Oklahoma were given a map of the state and asked to indicate where people speak differently and to describe the way of speaking in those regions. Responses were summarized based on the regions indicated as different, the labels provided, and the spatial location of the labeled regions. The results show that Oklahomans perceive a distinction between urban and rural speech, with “standard” speech being found in urban areas. Rural speech is associated with southern speech as well as with the words “twang” and “drawl”. The results emphasize the need to further explore the connection between southern and rural identity in Oklahoma and the complicated role that such identity may play in language change in the state.&nbsp;</div> Phillip Weirich ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-21 2018-11-21 18 1