The Transportation Recreation Opportunity Spectrum as a spatial and quantitative metric: results of a preliminary investigation at Yellowstone National Park

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Elizabeth Perry
Xiao Xiao


Transportation is both a means to access recreation and a form of recreation in itself. Because diverse audiences have differential transportation access and experiences, a spectrum of opportunities should be considered when planning for the provision of adequate, quality transportation options in park settings. In well visited parks with defined facilities, services, and roadways for motor vehicle traffic, use of the Transportation Recreation Opportunity Spectrum (T-ROS) should take into account a variety of indicators to set standards for the visitor experience, managerial contributions, and resource impacts. To explore the utility of the T-ROS framework, and specifically examine the use of three potential indicators (i.e., number of modes, view of scenery, and slope of rode) within a composite index, we used a geospatial analysis in Yellowstone National Park, USA. Results center on areas of differential T-ROS value and what this may mean for park management and extension of the framework. Strengths, limitations, and opportunities for further investigation are also detailed.



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Parks and Recreation Management