Nursing Pain Assessment & Management: A 3D Interactive Simulation

Main Article Content

Enilda Romero-Hall Ginger S. Watson Yiannis Papelis Hector Garcia

Abstract

In this design case, a team developed a 3D interactive simulation for nursing students and professional nurses to train and practice pain assessment and management procedures. In the simulation environment, the trainees interact with three emotionally expressive animated patients. The three patients vary in their ethnicity, age, and emotion intensity. Successful completion of the scenario requires that the trainee perform of a series of pain assessment and management tasks.  The trainee is evaluated on the efficiency and appropriate sequencing of the tasks.  

The purpose of this paper is to describe the decisions made regarding the type of virtual patients used, the clickable objects, the pain assessment interview protocol, the visual representations in the simulation and the web portal. The paper also provides insight into the processes and steps taken during the design and development phases of this 3D interactive simulation including: the tasks analyses, motion capture, validation of the animations in the simulation, programming, and other tasks.

Article Details

How to Cite
Romero-Hall, E., Watson, G., Papelis, Y., & Garcia, H. (2014). Nursing Pain Assessment & Management: A 3D Interactive Simulation. International Journal of Designs for Learning, 5(1). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.14434/ijdl.v5i1.5169
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Articles
Author Biographies

Enilda Romero-Hall, University of Tampa

Enilda Romero-Hall is an Assistant Professor of Instructional Design and Technology at the University of Tampa. Her research interests include: multimedia instruction, emotion in learning, human-computer interaction, and distance/online education. She obtained her Ph.D. from Old Dominion University. 

Ginger S. Watson, Old Dominion University

Ginger S. Watson obtained her Ph.D. in Instructional Design & Technology from the University of Iowa. She currently holds the title of Associate Professor at Old Dominion University where she is also appointed as research faculty to the Virginia Modeling, Analysis, and Simulation Center (VMASC). 

Yiannis Papelis, Virginia Modeling, Analysis, and Simulation Center

Yiannis Papelis is a Research Professor at Old Dominion University’s Virginia Modeling, Analysis, and Simulation Center (VMASC). He is currently conducting research on autonomous agent modeling issues as applied to a wide range of topics, including simulation of critical infrastructure components, realistic simulation of crowds, and control of autonomous ground and aerial vehicles. 

Hector Garcia, Virginia Modeling, Analysis, and Simulation Center

Hector Garcia is a Senior Project Scientist and visualization laboratory manager at Old Dominion University’s Virginia Modeling, Analysis, and Simulation Center (VMASC).