A Short History of the Cylinder Phonograph [Part 2]

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George List


The cylinder phonograph was supreme for a rather short period. The gramaphone, or disk player, was developed by Emil Berliner in the 1880's and came I into full scale production with the introduction of shellac records in 1897. (The term phonograph was originally applied to one of the two competing makes of cylinder players manufactured in the United States. The term gramaphone was originally applied to disk players only. As time passed the term phonograph was indiscriminately applied in the United States to both types of reproducers. In Great Britain the term gramaphone was retained for disk players.)

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