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This paper examines the production of fatwas and pluralism of Islamic legal perspectives on almsgiving (zakat) issued by Muslim civil society organizations in Indonesia and analyses the goals, methods, and logics of Islamic scholars in formulating their religious judgments (fatwa). Religious teachings have been instrumental in underpinning the spirit of giving and volunteering. Yet, questions about how religious teachings are interpreted through various Islamic legal examination remain interesting to discuss, partly because the nuances of fatwa on zakat in the Indonesian context indicate Indonesian Muslims' pluralistic and dynamics receptions towards Islamic teachings. Some Muslim civil society organizations have produced hundreeds of fatwas on zakat in response to Muslim communities' questions. This paper argues that while fatwas have been created to solve Muslim society's recent problems, the processes involved in the production of fatwa on philanthropy in the Indonesia context has led to plurality and fragmentation of zakat practices in Indonesia.
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