Jewish Social Studies https://scholarworks.iu.edu/iupjournals/index.php/jss <p class="BODYTEXT"><em>Jewish Social Studies</em>&nbsp;(ISSN 0021-6704, e-ISSN 1527-2028) plays an important role in advancing the understanding of Jewish life and the Jewish past. Key themes are issues of identity and peoplehood, the vistas opened by the integration of gender as a primary category in the study of history, and the multiplicities inherent in the evolution of Jewish societies and cultures around the world and over time. Regular features include work in anthropology, politics, sociology, religion, and literature, as well as case studies and theoretical discussions, all of which serve to rechart the boundaries of Jewish historical scholarship.</p> <p class="BODYTEXT">To view current and past issues, visit <em>Jewish Social Studies</em>&nbsp;on&nbsp;<a href="http://www.jstor.org/journal/jewisocistud">JSTOR</a>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<a href="https://muse.jhu.edu/journals/jewish_social_studies">Project Muse</a>.</p> Indiana University Press en-US Jewish Social Studies 0021-6704 <div class="page" title="Page 2"><div class="layoutArea"><div class="column"><p>Upon acceptance for publication, the Author grants and assigns to Indiana University Press the full and exclusive rights to his/her Contribution during the term of copyright, to publish or cause others to publish the said Contribution in all forms, in all media, and in all languages throughout the world. In consideration of the rights granted above, the Press grants the Author, without charge, the right to republish the Contribution in revised or unrevised form, in any language, in any volume consisting entirely of the Author's own work or in any volume edited by the Author, provided the Press is notified of such use and that it carries the appropriate form of scholarly acknowledgment. A Consent to Publish Agreement will be sent to the Author upon acceptance that outlines these rights in more detail.</p></div></div></div> Jewish Radicals of Morocco: Case Study for a New Historiography https://scholarworks.iu.edu/iupjournals/index.php/jss/article/view/584 <p>The confluence of Jews and Communism has been long noted by scholars. However, prevailing historiography has largely treated European contexts, as well as some work in the Americas, Yishuv Palestine and Israel, neglecting the broader Middle East and North Africa (MENA). The works that purport to survey and compare the phenomenon across contexts have typically given the MENA short shrift. Further, most discussions of leftist Jewish politics halts after WWII, just when the story is gaining momentum in the MENA particularly within anti-colonial movements. In this article, I draw on the theoretical frameworks of Marx’s notion of alienation and Arendt’s work on “the Jew as pariah” to bridge historiographies and link leftist Jews in the MENA, the Americas as well as Europe. Through archival work, newspapers, oral histories and novels, I present Jewish involvement in the Moroccan Communist Party as a case study to examine the complications of Jewish involvement in leftist politics in concentric geographic, temporal and historiographic circles. In so doing, I seek to complicate the story of Jewish draws to internationalism, universalism, and the reconciliation of Jewish affiliations and identities with the nation state as well as the colonial. </p> Alma Rachel Heckman ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-02 2018-02-02 23 3 “Poland is not lost while we still live:” The Making of Polish Iran 1941-1945 https://scholarworks.iu.edu/iupjournals/index.php/jss/article/view/884 <p>During World War II millions of refugees fled their homes and were displaced across Europe, Central Asia, and the Middle East. In September 1939, Nazi and Soviet armies invaded Poland, resulting in countless individuals being deported or “resettled” — forcibly exiled to labor camps in Siberia and Soviet Central Asia. This article examines the story of a large wave of Polish refugees granted amnesty after the Soviets allied with Great Britain in June 1941. Between 1941-1943, hundreds of thousands of Poles were allowed into Iran where social and political conditions helped them rebuild their lives, establish thriving Polish institutions, and leave a lasting impact on Iranian urban culture. Polish exiles in Iran established newspapers, art galleries, cafés, orchestras, theaters, and salons that catered first and foremost to the Polish community, but later became central to the myriad of Allied army soldiers stationed in Iran, as well as to the emerging Iranian urban middle class. This research uses archives from Iran, England, Israel, and the United States, along with international aid organizations (the Red Cross, Jewish Joint Distribution Committee), and interviews and memoirs. </p> Lior Betzalel Sternfeld ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-02 2018-02-02 23 3 “’Looking for a nice Jewish girl...’: Personal ads and the creation of Jewish families in Germany during and after the Shoah, 1938-1953” https://scholarworks.iu.edu/iupjournals/index.php/jss/article/view/997 <p>This article explores the impact of the Holocaust in the creation of Jewish families in Berlin by analyzing personal ads placed in Jewish newspapers between 1933 and the early 1950s. I examine how the process of family formation responded to the specific political and social contexts in which the ads were written. In particular, the comparison highlights the changing factors determining partnership and marriage, and how these were shaped by the complicated Jewish experience of emigration, survival, and self-identification during and after the Shoah.</p><p>More than simply conduits to find love and partnership, personal ads are fascinating self-descriptive documents (though often idealized) that shed light on the social expectations of the institution of marriage. The rise of the Nazis dramatically altered parameters of the search for a spouse, expressions of self-description and life goals. Ads placed from late 1938 to 1942 paint a shattering picture of individuals seeking a spouse in harrowing times. The short ads reveal cases of people who in a desperate quest to leave the country stressed their language skills; connections to other countries, especially the United States; wealth; and even their lack of family attachments.</p><p>Personal ads placed after the Holocaust, too, often expressed reference to their desire to emigrate and their yearning for a partner for this journey. Sometimes the ideal spouse was one with connections abroad or who possessed important capital. As some ads suggest, marriage was also a means of consolation after catastrophe. This article offers a distinctive perspective on family creation among German Jews during and shortly after the Holocaust by exploring sources, which provide a uniquely public and intimate glimpse of Jewish life.</p> Sarah Wobick-Segev ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-02 2018-02-02 23 3 From Multitasker to Sanctuary Specialist: Gender and the Reconceptualization of the American Orthodox Rabbinate https://scholarworks.iu.edu/iupjournals/index.php/jss/article/view/1064 <p>On February 1<sup>st</sup>, 2017, the Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations of America (henceforth OU), the nation's largest Orthodox synagogue association, adopted a religious ruling signed by seven rabbinical authorities that prohibits women from serving as Jewish clergy. The following discussion contextualizes the OU Ruling both within the evolution of Orthodox feminism and the history of the rabbinate. I will demonstrate that a fresh understanding of the Orthodox rabbi that arises from the ruling that is part of a broader tendency toward specialization that has been developing since the end of the twentieth century, but has intensified in the second decade of the twenty-first. All the same, the debate over feminism has instigated the translation of what was previously a loose and unidentified trend into a distinct reformulation of the Orthodox rabbinical profession.</p> Adam S. Ferziger ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-02 2018-02-02 23 3 Jewish-American Literature Makes Aliyah? The Demarcation of Collective Boundaries in the Israeli Literary Discourse https://scholarworks.iu.edu/iupjournals/index.php/jss/article/view/1066 <p>This paper analyzes the major ideological trends in the Israeli reception of Jewish-American literature, from the late 1950s through the 1980s. It points to the ambivalence inherent to these trends, and to the symbolic boundary-work that they represent. On the one hand, I claim that there existed a tendency to particularize and “Judaize” universal aspects of works by Jewish-American authors, to take pride in their literary achievements or criticize them when they were “too harsh” in their depictions of Jewish life, generally assuming a common destiny with American Jews and exhibiting an affinity to diaspora Jewish culture. On the other hand, I point to a tendency in the Israeli literary discourse to (over)emphasize the difficulty of living as a Jew in a non-Jewish world, both from a spiritual-intellectual standpoint and a physical/social one, in a way that bulwarked the conception of Israeli sovereignty as the only true solution for contemporary Jewish existence. I further point to an inclination in Israeli reviews to assume a spiritual-cultural hierarchy in the Jewish world that placed the cultural and literary life in Israel as more authentically <em>Jewish </em><em>and therefore</em> superior to that of American Jews. These trends attest to a dialectic perception of the collective boundaries of the Jewish people as a whole. The Israeli perception of American Jewish culture entailed both inclusivity and dismissal, implied both communal affinity and unequal hierarchy, and may be emblematic of the double nature of the Israeli approach to the diaspora existence in general.</p> Omri Asscher ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-04-10 2018-04-10 23 3