https://scholarworks.iu.edu/iupjournals/index.php/jss/issue/feed Jewish Social Studies 2019-02-15T13:12:53-05:00 Sarah Shectman jss@stanford.edu Open Journal Systems <p class="BODYTEXT"><em>Jewish Social Studies</em>&nbsp;(ISSN 0021-6704, e-ISSN 1527-2028) plays an important role in advancing the understanding of Jewish life and the Jewish past. Key themes are issues of identity and peoplehood, the vistas opened by the integration of gender as a primary category in the study of history, and the multiplicities inherent in the evolution of Jewish societies and cultures around the world and over time. Regular features include work in anthropology, politics, sociology, religion, and literature, as well as case studies and theoretical discussions, all of which serve to rechart the boundaries of Jewish historical scholarship.</p> <p class="BODYTEXT">To view current and past issues, visit <em>Jewish Social Studies</em>&nbsp;on&nbsp;<a href="http://www.jstor.org/journal/jewisocistud">JSTOR</a>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<a href="https://muse.jhu.edu/journals/jewish_social_studies">Project Muse</a>.</p> https://scholarworks.iu.edu/iupjournals/index.php/jss/article/view/1537 A Miracle in Minsk: Secondary Education and Social Mobility in the Pale of Settlement before 1887 2019-02-15T13:12:52-05:00 Alex Valdman shualexv@gmail.com <p>In post-reform Imperial Russia, secondary education was a significant and growing path of Jewish social mobility. Drawing on the coming-of-age autobiography of the Zionist leader Shmarya Levin, and on archival material from Minsk and Vilnius, this article seeks to trace the social, cultural, and administrative factors that influenced the Jewish integration in the Russian schools before the enactment of the numerus clausus of 1887. Examining three complementing perspectives – the general characteristics of the Russian educational system, their actual implementation in the Pale of Settlement, and the modes in which the system interplayed with Jewish society – I show how despite the relative liberalization of the Russian secondary educational system in the 1860’s, the system retained many exclusionary features well into the 1870’s and the 1880’s. For this reason, Jewish students’ chances to attain secondary education depended very much on their social background:&nbsp; their geographic location, material circumstances, and family networks. I argue, furthermore, that in some cases the agency of Jewish young people was a key factor in overcoming the system’s exclusionary features and successfully enrolling in a Russian secondary school. These features all contributed to making Russian secondary schools in the Pale of Settlement into unique sites of modern Jewish-Russian socialization.</p> 2018-11-01T16:58:56-04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://scholarworks.iu.edu/iupjournals/index.php/jss/article/view/1320 A Portrait of Transition: From the Bund to Bolshevism in the Russian Revolution 2019-02-15T13:12:53-05:00 Joshua Meyers jmeyers1@stanford.edu During the Russian Revolution, many Bundists joined the Bolshevik party, with many finding themselves in positions of tremendous power and influence. Such a phenomenon was remarkeable, especially given the historical antipathy and ideological distance between the two parties. For a Bundist to become a Bolshevik was more than a change in party registration, but a process akin to religious conversion. This article charts the journey of one Dovid Lipets, from his origins as a Bundist in Ukraine through his conversion to Communism in 1919, and to his death in the purges in 1937. By using him as a template, this article examines the forces dislodging Bundists from their past beliefs, and how they came to and engaged with their new political identities. 2018-11-01T16:59:16-04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##