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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word document file format.
  • The text is between 8,000 and 12,000 words, including endnotes (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission has not been previously published in any language, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The entire text is double-spaced and uses 12-point Times New Roman font; all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • All material in languages using non-Roman alphabets has been transliterated.


1. Submissions should be between 8,000 and 12,000 words, including endnotes. Manuscripts that exceed this word limit will be returned to the author for revision. Authors who would like us to consider longer or shorter pieces should send a separate justification for their request to the editors. Such requests will be considered only in exceptional cases.

2. Delete all references to the author(s) and other identifying information from headers, text, and endnotes. We anonymize document metadata, but if authors' names or other identifying information appears in the text it will be returned to them for revision.

3. Number all pages and double-space all copy—including text, endnotes, and extracts. Do not include a cover page or bibliography. Use Times New Roman 12-point font. Section headings should be brief subtitles in bold. Quoted matter of more than 50 words should be set off from the text without quotation marks as indented extracts.

4. Please follow The Chicago Manual of Style (16th ed., 2010) for all matters of punctuation, capitalization, quotation, and citation.

5. Submissions are accepted in Microsoft Word only; any illustrations must be tiff format.

6. Illustrations may be included only at the discretion of the editors. If illustrations or any other copyrighted materials are reproduced in an article, the author will bear all responsibility for (a) preparing the illustrations according to the publisher’s specifications, (b) obtaining in writing the necessary permissions for reproduction from the copyright holder prior to publication, and (c) covering all costs and fees associated with these requirements.



1. Try to keep notes as brief as possible, retaining only those that are absolutely necessary for documentation. Discursive notes are best converted to brief parenthetical comments in the text.

2. Note numbers in the text should be one continuous series of numerals in superscript with no preceding spaces.

3. Multiple notes within one sentence should be avoided. When several names requiring bibliographic references occur in one sentence, only one endnote should be placed at the end of the sentence, which includes pertinent references to each name.

4. Each title should be cited in the language of the edition that you used for research. Citations of works in Hebrew should be transliterated according to Encyclopaedia Judaica 2nd ed. general transliteration rules. Citations of works in Yiddish should be transliterated according to YIVO transliteration rules.

5. Note form follows the Chicago Manual of Style. Publishers’ names are not required.

6. Second and later references to a previously cited work should be referred to by the author’s last name and a short title (containing the key words from the main title). Use ibid. only when referring to a single work in the note directly above; do not use op cit. For articles, cite inclusive page numbers, as well as the specific page from which a direct quotation has been taken; do not use ff.


  1. Benjamin Harshav, The Meaning of Yiddish (Berkeley, 1990), 27–51.
  2. Ibid., 28.
  3. Amos Funkenstein, “Gershom Scholem: Charisma, Kairos, and Messianic Dialectic,” History and Memory 4 (1992): 123–40, esp. 139. 
  4. Harshav, Meaning of Yiddish, 50.