Red Wisdom: Highlighting Recent Writing in Native American Philosophy

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Brian Yazzie Burkhart


 This paper surveys four seminal texts of Native American Philosophy from the last decade through the lens of Indigenous intellectual sovereignty. Indigenous intellectual sovereignty is articulated as a complementary dualism that positively negotiates the seeming conflict between the Indigenous intellectual and the connectedness of meaning and value in tribal sovereignty. This complementary dualism of individual and community is seen throughout the highlighted texts. Vine Deloria Jr. and Daniel Wildcat’s Power and Place: Indian Education in America, for example, shows that Native concepts of power and place both unify and individuate. Power not only moves humans individually but also forms the connections and relations of the human community and natural environment. Place is not only individuating in its geographic specificity but also unifying in creating a relational entanglement of everything. Similar examples are highlighted in Anne Waters’ edited American Indian Thought: Philosophical Essays, Viola Cordova’s How It Is, and Thomas Norton-Smith’s The Dance of Person and Place.

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Burkhart, B. Y. (2016). Red Wisdom: Highlighting Recent Writing in Native American Philosophy. Confluence: Journal of World Philosophies, 1. Retrieved from