Africa Today <p><em>Africa Today</em>&nbsp;(ISSN&nbsp;0001-9887, e-ISSN 1527-1978)&nbsp;publishes peer-reviewed, scholarly articles and book reviews in a broad range of academic disciplines on topics related to contemporary Africa. We seek to be a venue for interdisciplinary approaches, diverse perspectives, and original research in the humanities and social sciences. This includes work on social, cultural, political, historical, and economic subjects. Recent special issues have been on topics such as the future of African artistic practices, the socio-cultural life of bus stations in Africa, and family-based health care in Ghana. <em>Africa Today</em> has been on the forefront of African Studies research since 1954. Please review our <a title="Submission Guidelines" href="">article submission guidelines</a>&nbsp;or the <a title="special issue proposal guidelines" href="">special issue proposal guidelines</a> and then contact the Managing Editor or any of the editors with additional questions you might have about publishing in&nbsp;<em>Africa Today</em>.</p> <p>The journal is published quarterly in winter, spring, summer, and fall by Indiana University Press, Office of Scholarly Publishing, Herman B Wells Library 350, 1320 E. 10th St., Bloomington, IN 47405-3907.</p> <p>To view current and past issues, visit&nbsp;<em>Africa Today</em>&nbsp;on&nbsp;<a href="">JSTOR</a>&nbsp;and <a href="">Project MUSE</a>.</p> en-US (Derek F. DiMatteo) (Dan Pyle) Thu, 21 Nov 2019 16:58:29 -0500 OJS 60 'Guests of God': The Layene, an Urban Sufi Community of Dakar, Senegal <p>This article discusses a Sufi Muslim community, the <em>Layene,</em> in Dakar, Senegal and specific aspects of their historical and ethical foundations. The <em>Layene</em> are one of several Sufi Muslim orders in Senegal with a history of hybridization of Islamic and local customs as well as a specifically messianic message of universal salvation. These particularities can be understood through their scriptural and theological interpretations of the Wolof concept of <em>terànga </em>- the generous intentions of individuals embodied in the giving and receiving of hospitality, gifts, and social interactions. Through an ethnographic look at sermons, songs, and the performances of family ceremonies, this article examines the <em>Layene</em> community and their beliefs in relation to societal changes in Senegal and globally. </p> Emily Jenan Riley ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Nov 2019 16:37:39 -0500 International Donor Funding and Social Movement Demobilization: The Barabaig Land Rights Movement in Tanzania <p>From the 1960s-1990s, Barabaig pastoralists sustained a grassroots social movement that agitated to re-claim the grazing land from which they had been forcibly removed under Tanzania’s post-independence nationalization program.  However, by the year 2000, the once vibrant movement had largely fizzled out even though many movement goals remained unmet.  Why did such a long-standing movement demobilize so rapidly?  Employing the political process model of social movement analysis, I argue that movement leaders’ pursuit of foreign donor funds compelled the movement to depoliticize its goals and separated leaders from the base.  This caused base members to feel alienated, leading to movement demobilization.  Demonstrating this link between donor funding and movement decline adds to our understanding of causes of demobilization, an under-theorized phase of the cycles of contention.</p> Kristin McKie ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Nov 2019 16:45:13 -0500 Trumping Development: <p>Globalization is one of the most significant socio-economic processes over the past four decades. However, as its contradictions became more apparent through the 2008 global financial crisis and its aftermath, there has been a reactionary backlash against it in some countries leading to calls for reforming the rules of the game. Although the contours of the reforms are still inchoate, their impacts are being felt around the world, more so in developing countries. President Trump’s ascension to power has brought substantial changes to US foreign policy, including the US-Africa relationship. While the administration’s policy appears undeveloped we can determine distinct trends and tendencies. This paper examines the impacts of the Trump administration’s ‘America first’ policies on Africa to argue this goes beyond a return to the ‘benign neglect’ shown by many US presidents until the Clinton and George W. Bush Administrations, to include a malign governmental gaze directed at “s***hole countries”. While attempting to “make America great again”, in actuality ‘America first’ exemplifies a retreat from US global hegemony through its policy of selective delinking in aid as well as the prioritization of US economic and security interests, which manifest in Africa in particularly detrimental ways.</p> Francis Owusu, Ricardo Reboredo, Pádraig Carmody ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Nov 2019 16:47:24 -0500 Should Christians and Muslims co-habit after death? Diverging views in a Senegalese commune In the Commune of Joal-Fadiouth in Senegal, some are open to burial in cemeteries employed for people of all faiths while others insist on their burial in cemeteries used only for people of their faith. I argue that the dominant manner of spatially organizing the burial of people of different faiths in the community in which people live explains the type of cemetery in which they are open to being buried. A combination of the stickiness of inherited burial practices and the ambiguity and incompleteness of religious doctrines through which people look at interment practices explain this legitimacy of local burial arrangements. The study sheds light on inter-faith relations and the nature of religious doctrines, which are implicated in outbreaks of violence today. Ato Kwamena Onoma, Ato Kwamena Onoma ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Nov 2019 16:47:32 -0500 Refashioning Gender Relations <p><strong>This article considers the materiality of love and sex in contemporary Nollywood and argues that, in the Nigerian public sphere, a culture of refashioning gender relations is in the making. Through an analysis of two films <em>Tango with Me</em> and <em>Contract</em>, it argues that, in spite of the prevalence of transgressive sexual acts, Nollywood offers a nuanced representation of the contradictions and complexities that the rapidly changing Nigerian society is experiencing around the issues of intimacy, sexual practices, and marriage. Furthermore, it explores the question of spectatorship through ethnographic fieldwork and examines the new language of negotiations in intimate relationships.&nbsp;</strong></p> Abikal Borah, Luis Picard Cataldo, Toyin Falola ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Nov 2019 16:47:40 -0500 Ubuntu and Development: An African Conception of Development <p>This article articulates an African conception of development. I call such an account ‘African’ insofar as it is based on the moral worldview of ubuntu, which is salient largely among the Bantu people below the Sahara. To articulate a conception of development, I rely on the paradigm of development ethics. This paradigm construes development as an ethical/philosophical enterprise constituted by three questions, namely: (1) what is a good life? (2) What is a just society? And, (3) what duties do we owe to the environment? Answers to these three philosophical questions constitute a conception of development. In this article, I answer two of these questions in light of ubuntu. Ultimately, I argue that a good life is a function of having a virtuous character and a just society is one that respects persons in virtue of their capacity for virtue and one that operates on the moral logic of the common good. I conclude this article by considering the means prized by ubuntu for pursuing the goal of development. </p> Motsamai Molefe ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Nov 2019 16:47:48 -0500 [Book Review] Zöe Wicomb. 2018. Race, Nation, Translation: South African Essays, 1990-2013 Jacob Mckinnon Ivey ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Nov 2019 16:50:31 -0500 BOOK REVIEW of Kresse, Kai. 2018. Swahili Muslim Publics and Postcolonial Experience. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. 237 pp. $85.00 (cloth), $35.00 (paper). Nathaniel Mathews ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Nov 2019 16:50:38 -0500 Getting to Zero: A Doctor and A Diplomat on the Ebola Frontline Clement Masakure ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Nov 2019 16:50:47 -0500 African, Christian, Feminist: The Enduring Search for What Matters by Teresia Mbari Hinga Rudo Mudiwa ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Nov 2019 16:50:56 -0500 [BOOK REVIEW] AFRICA AND ITS DIASPORA: HISTORY, IDENTITIES, AND ECONOMY.. Austin, Texas: Pan-African University Press. 400 pp. $55.00. Nana Afua Brantuo ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Nov 2019 16:51:02 -0500 Getting to the Core of the Intractable Challenge of Illegal Wildlife Trade and its Dilemma to the State and Local Communities Tariro Kamuti ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Nov 2019 16:51:08 -0500 Book Review of Hatzfeld, Jean. 2015. Blood Papa: Rwanda’s New Generation. Translated by Joshua David Jordan. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux <p>Book Review of Hatzfeld, Jean. 2015. Blood Papa: Rwanda’s New Generation. Translated by Joshua David Jordan. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.</p> <p>Book review was written by&nbsp;Phillip A. Cantrell, II;&nbsp;Longwood University</p> Phillip A. Cantrell, II ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Nov 2019 16:58:06 -0500