Influence of Religion and Culture on Drinking Behaviours: A Test of Hypotheses Between Canada and the USA

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British Journal of Addiction


American Roman Catholic and mainstream Protestant students consume more alcohol and have more alcohol abuse problem compared to Canadian students within the same religious groups. Among abstinent oriented Protestants there was no difference in regards to alcohol consumption or problems related to drinking between the countries. For Jews there were mixed results with Americans exhibiting similar consumption rates but reporting more problems related to drinking compared to the Canadians. Among this sample it was concluded that religious norms have a greater influence in cohesive religious groups while cultural norms are more influential among less cohesive groups. The results also support the Canadian 'Mosaic' and American 'Melting Pot' assumption.


This is a post-print version of the article accepted for publication in the British Journal of Addiction, DOI/link to publishers version not available.
Other research PUBLICATIONS and PAPERS on university students drinking, drug use and health concerns and behaviors can be found at:; and Further information about the questionnaire, calculations, and the original data base used can be found in the following item records within IUScholarworks repository. Details about the reliability and validity of the SAQ are found at:;; The classic 1975 copy of the SAQ is found at The Health Concern Questionnaire is found at: Reliability and validity of this instrument are found at: ALL QUESTIONNAIRES developed by Engs are found in the repository at:



Engs, Ruth C., Hanson, D.J. and Gliksman, L. (1990) "Influence of Religion and Culture on Drinking Behaviours: A Test of Hypotheses Between Canada and the USA," British Journal of Addiction, 85:1475-1482. Retrieved from IUScholarWorks Repository:


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