Brazilian styles and jazz elements: Hybridization in the music of Hermeto Pascoal [full paper]

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Latin American Music Center
By the late 1960s, the Brazilian composer Hermeto Pascoal (1936) started producing a musical oeuvre that would become a representative part of the repertory of modern Brazilian instrumental music (known internationally as Brazilian jazz). During his non-formal musical training, Pascoal was exposed to and practiced important Brazilian urban genres such as samba, choro, baião, frevo, and bossa nova. In 1970 he moved to the US, where he lived for around four years. During this time he became intimately involved with jazz music. Among other activities, he collaborated, played, and recorded with the jazz giant Miles Davis (1926-1991). This paper intends to show how Brazilian styles and jazz musical elements are articulated in the music of Pascoal. The discussion is based on a definition of hybridization as a social and cultural process in which structures or discrete practices that developed separately are combined in order to generate new structures, objects, and practices (CANCLINI, 2003). The depth of this cross-cultural process will also be examined, showing the boundaries of Pascoal's blending. Recordings and transcriptions of important pieces by Pascoal will be analyzed in order to illustrate which elements are hybridized and which are not.
Cultural, Conferencia, Cultural Counterpoints, Interactions, Latin America, Latin American Music Center, Music, Musical, Música, Música Latinoamericana, United States, Fiftieth Anniversary, 50th anniversary, Brazilian music, Brazil, Jazz, Hybridization, Hermeto Pascoal
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