Publisher:[Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University

Type:Doctoral Dissertation

Abstract:

The main subject of this dissertation is to approach the question of countable canonicity of varieties of modal algebras from a topological and categorical point of view. The category of coalgebras of the Vietoris functor on the category of Stone spaces provides a class of frames we call sv-frames. We show that the semantic of this frames is equivalent to that of modal algebras so long as we are limited to certain valuations called sv-valuations. We show that the canonical frame of any normal modal logic
which is directly constructed based on the logic is an sv-frame. We then define the notion of canonicity of a logic in terms of varieties and their dual classes. We will then prove that any morphism on the category of coalgebras of the Vietoris functor whose codomain is the canonical frame of the minimal normal modal logic are exactly the ones that are invoked by sv-valuations. We will then proceed to reformulate canonicity of a variety of modal algebras determined by a logic in terms of properties of the class of sv-frames that correspond to that logic. We define ultrafilter extension as an operator on the category of sv-frames, prove a coproduct preservation result followed by some equivalent forms of canonicity. Using Stone duality the notion of co-variety
of sv-frames is defined. The notion of validity of a logic on a frame is presented in terms of ranges of theory maps whose domain is the given frame. Partial equivalent results on co-varieties of sv-frames are proved. We classify theory maps which are
maps invoked by a valuation on a Kripke frame using the classification of sv-theory maps and properties
of ultrafilter extension. A negative categorical result concerning the existence of an adjoint functor for ultrafilter extension is
also proved.