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Hydrochemical Effects of Using Coal Combustion Byproducts as Structural Fill and Capping Material at an Abandoned Mine Lands Reclamation Site, Southwestern Indiana

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dc.contributor.author Naylor, Shawn
dc.contributor.author Olyphant, G.A.
dc.contributor.author Branam, T.
dc.date.accessioned 2010-07-27T18:46:13Z
dc.date.available 2010-07-27T18:46:13Z
dc.date.issued 2010-06
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2022/8997
dc.description Presentation was given at the 2010 National Meeting of the American Society of Mining and Reclamation, Pittsburgh, PA, June 5 – 11, 2010. en
dc.description.abstract The use of coal combustion by-products (CCBs) in mine reclamation has been advocated by some because of their low permeability and potential to generate alkalinity. However, others have argued that these benefits are outweighed by the potential for leaching of trace elements that can enter ground and surface waters. In 1996, an abandoned mine land (AML) site in southwestern Indiana was reclaimed using ponded ash as structural fill in highwall cuts, and fixated scrubber sludge (FSS) as capping material over pyritic refuse. Pre-reclamation and post-reclamation monitoring of surface water discharge from the site, groundwater elevations and chemistry, as well as soil moisture fluctuations in the unsaturated zone have provided a basis for evaluating the effects of CCBs on the hydrochemistry of the site and potential for off-site impacts. Limited recharge through the FSS is supported by barometric efficiency changes in the refuse aquifer, the presence of perched water measured in monitoring wells installed on the cap, and minimal fluctuations in soil moisture within and immediately below the cap. Reductions in oxygenated rainwater reaching the refuse are indicated by groundwater chemistry data, collected from the refuse aquifer between 1995 and 2007, which show an increase in pH along with decreasing trends in total acidity, specific conductivity (SpC), and arsenic. Concentrations of boron, a trace element commonly associated with CCBs, have declined to near pre-reclamation levels at most sites (~1 mg/L) after an increase immediately following reclamation. Although arsenic concentrations at 14 µg/L (EPA maximum contaminant level, or MCL, is 10 µg/L) along with boron (14 mg/L) remain slightly elevated in groundwater associated with ash-filled lakes, improvements in surface water quality leaving the site include significant reductions in total mineral acidity and total iron concentrations, while trace metal concentrations remain below EPA MCLs. en
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.rights This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 543 Howard Street, 5th Floor, San Francisco, California, 94105, USA. en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ en
dc.subject Indiana Geological Survey en
dc.subject Indiana en
dc.subject groundwater recharge en
dc.subject fixated scrubber sludge en
dc.subject FSS en
dc.title Hydrochemical Effects of Using Coal Combustion Byproducts as Structural Fill and Capping Material at an Abandoned Mine Lands Reclamation Site, Southwestern Indiana en
dc.type Presentation en


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This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 543 Howard Street, 5th Floor, San Francisco, California, 94105, USA. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 543 Howard Street, 5th Floor, San Francisco, California, 94105, USA.

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