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Forest Governance in a Frontier: An Analysis of the Dynamic Interplay between Property Rights, Land-Use Norms, and Agricultural Expansion in the Mosquitia Forest Corridor of Honduras and Nicaragua

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dc.contributor.advisor Ostrom, Elinor en_US
dc.contributor.author Hayes, Tanya M. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2010-06-01T22:02:04Z
dc.date.available 2027-02-01T23:02:04Z
dc.date.available 2010-06-11T14:13:38Z
dc.date.issued 2010-06-01T22:02:04Z
dc.date.submitted 2007 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2022/7647
dc.description Thesis (PhD) - Indiana University, Political Science, 2007 en_US
dc.description.abstract Government legislation of protected areas is frequently prescribed as a means to protect forest lands. The effectiveness of protected areas is however, highly questionable as protected areas have been found to fail as often as they succeed. This dissertation takes a nuanced approach to forest policy analysis by examining how specific property rights interact with resource users' institutions to either promote or thwart frontier forest conservation. Frontier forests represent the last remaining swaths of tropical forest. They are also the homelands of indigenous peoples who have lived in these remote regions for centuries. A principal threat to frontier forests, and the people living within them, is agricultural expansion caused by mestizo (non-indigenous) migration. This study integrates methods that include institutional analysis, ethnographic fieldwork, and land-cover analysis to examine how property-rights policies influence agricultural expansion in the Mosquitia Forest Corridor, a biological corridor that runs from eastern Honduras into northern Nicaragua. I compare the ability to stop mestizo expansion in two protected areas in the Mosquitia: one reserve under government management and the other governed by native residents who hold common-property rights to their lands. The variation between sites creates opportune conditions to investigate whether property rights are a determining factor in preventing mestizo encroachment, and the impact that different property-rights policies have on residents' resource institutions and the broader resilience of the social and ecological systems. The study findings are that public policies that recognize local governance institutions promote resilient forest management systems. I find that native residents who hold common-property rights are better able to stop agricultural expansion than are public managers. Forests under indigenous territorial management are better conserved than those under public management. Furthermore, the analysis of institutional change finds that native residents are better able to address market and demographic pressures introduced by mestizo settlers when they are supported by public policies that recognize their common-property claims. en_US
dc.language.iso EN en_US
dc.publisher [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University en_US
dc.subject resilience en_US
dc.subject indigenous peoples en_US
dc.subject protected areas en_US
dc.subject forest conservation en_US
dc.subject common pool resource en_US
dc.subject institutional analysis en_US
dc.subject.classification Political Science, General en_US
dc.subject.classification Agriculture, Forestry and Wildlife en_US
dc.title Forest Governance in a Frontier: An Analysis of the Dynamic Interplay between Property Rights, Land-Use Norms, and Agricultural Expansion in the Mosquitia Forest Corridor of Honduras and Nicaragua en_US
dc.type Doctoral Dissertation en_US


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