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dc.contributor.advisor Munson, Patrick J. en_US Garniewicz, Rexford C. en_US 2010-05-24T15:08:52Z 2027-01-24T16:08:52Z 2010-05-26T13:11:50Z 2010-05-24T15:08:52Z 2005 en_US
dc.description Thesis (PhD) - Indiana University, Anthropology, 2005 en_US
dc.description.abstract The impact that increased human population size and agricultural intensification had on the prehistoric animal ecology of eastern North America is poorly understood. New methods for examining archaeologically recovered faunal remains permit a more detailed understanding of the interaction between humans and their environment. Techniques for the accurate estimation and comparison of age, size and sex parameters of prehistoric deer and raccoon populations are presented. Measurements include ageing by tooth eruption and wear, estimating deer weight based on osteological measurements of the astragalus, and determining raccoon sex based on canine tooth measurements. Combined examination of the age and size parameters of deer over time indicates that the population density and distribution of deer in the Late Prehistoric period is substantially impacted by human activity. This resource depletion is indicated by a decline in the presence of old individuals and an increase in body size surrounding major Mississippian sites. Deer populations appear stable at distance from these sites and maintain the parameters of age and size seen in the Archaic period. An understanding of this variation over space and time is used to interpret the efficiency of various deer hunting techniques. Examination of the distribution of raccoon remains by sex at archaeological sites demonstrates targeted procurement by Late Prehistoric farmers. Intensified procurement of raccoon is revealed by an increased presence of males over time in archaeological samples, a clear indication of deliberate trapping. This may relate to a crop protection effort or an increased dietary ranking of raccoon. en_US
dc.language.iso EN en_US
dc.publisher [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University en_US
dc.subject Procyon lotor en_US
dc.subject zooarchaeology en_US
dc.subject faunal analysis en_US
dc.subject mortality profiles en_US
dc.subject Odocoileus virginianus en_US
dc.subject resource depletion en_US
dc.subject.classification Biology, Ecology en_US
dc.subject.classification Anthropology, Archaeology en_US
dc.subject.classification Agriculture, Forestry and Wildlife en_US
dc.type Doctoral Dissertation en_US

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