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dc.contributor.author Harper, Denver
dc.contributor.author Branam, Tracy
dc.date.accessioned 2010-03-25T14:14:33Z
dc.date.available 2010-03-25T14:14:33Z
dc.date.issued 2010-03-11
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2022/6810
dc.description This presentation was given at the Fundamentals of Coal seminar,hosted by the Chemistry Department of Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, on March 11, 2010. en
dc.description.abstract Since the nineteenth century, more than 2.2 billion metric tons (2.4 billion short tons) of coal have been extracted from underground and surface mines of Indiana, directly affecting approximately 2,000 square kilometers (770 square miles) of southwestern Indiana. In addition, coal-preparation facilities have produced deposits of pyritic refuse materials that extend across more than 2,400 hectares (6,000 acres). Some of the environmental effects of these very large-scale activities—particularly those conducted before passage of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977—include land subsidence, erosion, stream siltation, acidic mine drainage, and groundwater contamination. A great variety of field-scale engineering, chemical, biological, and ecological techniques have been developed and implemented over a period of decades to address these problems, and research is ongoing. The potential also exists for development of geothermal resources related to groundwater in flooded underground mines, representing a high-yield aquifer that contains as much as 640 billion liters (170 billion gallons) of water. en
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.rights This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 543 Howard Street, 5th Floor, San Francisco, California, 94105, USA. en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ en
dc.subject preparation en
dc.subject reclamation en
dc.subject acid mine drainage en
dc.subject environment en
dc.subject coal en
dc.subject Indiana Geological Survey en
dc.subject Indiana en
dc.title Challenges of Coal-Mine Reclamation in Indiana en
dc.type Presentation en


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