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dc.contributor.author Clark, Thomas M.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-08-28T19:28:29Z
dc.date.available 2017-08-28T19:28:29Z
dc.date.issued 2017-08-11
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2022/21632
dc.description.abstract Adverse effects of moderate Cannabis use on physical health are subtle and rarely fatal, while Cannabis use is associated with decreased rates of obesity, diabetes mellitus, mortality from traumatic brain injury, use of alcohol and prescription drugs, driving fatalities, and opioid overdose deaths. These data suggest that Cannabis use may decrease premature deaths. To date, no studies have attempted to estimate impacts of Cannabis use on premature death that include both adverse and beneficial effects on physical health. Marijuana use is estimated to reduce premature deaths from diabetes mellitus, cancer, and traumatic brain injury by 989 to 2,511 deaths for each 1% of the population using Cannabis. The analysis predicts an estimated 23,500 to 47,500 deaths prevented annually if medical marijuana were legal nationwide. A number of other potential causes of reduced mortality due to Cannabis use were revealed, but were excluded from the analysis because quantitative data were lacking. These estimates thus substantially underestimate the actual impact of Cannabis use on premature death. Overall, prohibition is estimated to lead to similar numbers of premature deaths as drunk driving, homicide, or fatal opioid overdose. Cannabis use prevents thousands of premature deaths each year, and Cannabis prohibition is revealed as a major cause of premature death in the U.S. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Indiana University South Bend en
dc.subject Cannabis, marijuana, medical marijuana, mortality rate, prohibition, public health, cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, liver disease, lung disease, suicide, TBI, opioid overdose, driving fatalities, systematic review, meta-analysis. en
dc.subject Premature death en
dc.subject Marijuana--Law and legislation en
dc.subject Marijuana--Therapeutic use en
dc.subject Cannabis--Therapeutic use en
dc.title Cannabis use is associated with a substantial reduction in premature deaths in the United States. en
dc.type Article en


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