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dc.contributor.author Ladd, Kevin L. en
dc.contributor.author Cook, Cara A. en
dc.contributor.author Foreman, Kaitlyn M. en
dc.contributor.author Ritter, Erik A. en
dc.date.accessioned 2015-11-30T19:40:16Z en
dc.date.available 2015-11-30T19:40:16Z en
dc.date.issued 2015-05 en
dc.identifier.citation Ladd, Kevin L., et al. "Neuroimaging of prayer: Questions of validity." Psychology of Religion and Spirituality 7.2 (2015): 100-108. en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2022/20540 en
dc.description.abstract Studies investigating the brain in relation to religious experiences via neuroimaging tools have increased considerably. Most assume without verification that religious experience (e.g., prayer) while inside an imaging machine is the same as in normal settings. Addressing the validity of this assumption, we utilized a mock fMRI to compare self-reported typical prayer experience and 3 experimental conditions (silent room, initial fMRI, and acclimated fMRI). Forty-two individuals participated. In multiple aspects the “typical” and silent room conditions were indistinguishable; however, typical and fMRI conditions differed significantly. In sum, it was not clear what previous studies measured. These findings highlight the need for imaging research exploring religious experiences to include thorough debriefing protocols to disambiguate interpretations and facilitate meta-analytic efforts. en
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.publisher Psychology of Religion and Spirituality en
dc.subject brain imaging, religiosity, spirituality, prayer, methodology en
dc.subject Magnetic resonance imaging en
dc.subject Religion and science en
dc.subject Experience (Religion) en
dc.subject Mind and body--Religious aspects en
dc.title Neuroimaging of Prayer: Questions of Validity en
dc.type Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1037/a0039124 en
dc.altmetrics.display true en


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