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dc.contributor.author Gierut, Judith A. en
dc.contributor.author Morrisette, Michele L. en
dc.contributor.author Ziemer, Suzanne M. en
dc.date.accessioned 2015-06-23T19:36:25Z en
dc.date.available 2015-06-23T19:36:25Z en
dc.date.issued 2010 en
dc.identifier.citation Gierut, J. A., Morrisette, M. L., & Ziemer, S. M. (2010). Nonwords and generalization in children with phonological disorders. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 19, 167-177. PMCID: PMC3281489 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2022/20178
dc.description.abstract Purpose: To evaluate the effects of using nonword (NW) stimuli in treatment of children with phonological disorders relative to real words (RWs). Methods: Production data from 60 children were examined retrospectively. Thirty of the participants were previously treated on sounds in error using NWs, and the other 30 had been treated using RWs. Generalization was the dependent variable, with measurement of accurate production of treated and untreated sounds immediately posttreatment and longitudinally following the withdrawal of treatment. Results: Under both stimulus conditions, and at both sampling points in time, there was greater generalization to treated sounds compared with untreated. NWs, as opposed to RWs, induced greater, more rapid systemwide generalization as a function of treatment. Children exposed to NWs sustained those levels of performance even after treatment was withdrawn. Children exposed to RWs eventually reached comparable levels of phonological generalization, but not until 55 days after the cessation of treatment. Conclusion: The findings support the ecological validity of NWs in phonological treatment. The differential results hint that NWs may benefit treatment efficacy and efficiency, but this remains to be determined through prospective study. Consideration is given to a potential theoretical account of the NW effects, with appeal to the literature on novel word learning. en
dc.description.sponsorship National Institutes of Health DC00433, RR7031K, DC00076, DC001694 (PI: Gierut) en
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.publisher ASHA en
dc.relation.isversionof https://doi.org/10.1044/1058-0360(2009/09-0020) en
dc.rights © American Speech-Language-Hearing Association en
dc.subject phonology en
dc.subject child phonology en
dc.subject clinical phonology en
dc.subject phonological disorders in children en
dc.subject phonological treatment en
dc.subject Learnability Project en
dc.subject language acquisition en
dc.title Nonwords and generalization in children with phonological disorders. en
dc.type Article en


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