Show simple item record Pratt, K.A. en Mielke, L.H. en Shepson, P.B. en Bryan, A.M. en Steiner, A.L. en Ortega, J. en Daly, R. en Helmig, D. en Vogel, C.S. en Griffith, S. en Dusanter, S. en Stevens, P.S. en Alghmand, M. en 2014-11-12T20:36:37Z en 2014-11-12T20:36:37Z en 2012 en
dc.identifier.citation Pratt, K. A., Mielke, L. H., Shepson, P. B., Bryan, A. M., Steiner, A. L., Ortega, J., . . . Alaghmand, M. (2012). Contributions of individual reactive biogenic volatile organic compounds to organic nitrates above a mixed forest. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12(21), 10125-10143. en
dc.description.abstract Biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) can react in the atmosphere to form organic nitrates, which serve as $\text{NO}_{x} (\text{NO} + \text{NO}_{2})$ reservoirs, impacting ozone and secondary organic aerosol production, the oxidative capacity of the atmosphere, and nitrogen availability to ecosystems. To examine the contributions of biogenic emissions and the formation and fate of organic nitrates in a forest environment, we simulated the oxidation of 57 individual BVOCs emitted from a rural mixed forest in northern Michigan. Key BVOC-oxidant reactions were identified for future laboratory and field investigations into reaction rate constants, yields, and speciation of oxidation products. Of the total simulated organic nitrates, monoterpenes contributed ~70% in the early morning at ~12 m above the forest canopy when isoprene emissions were low. In the afternoon, when vertical mixing and isoprene nitrate production were highest, the simulated contribution of isoprene-derived organic nitrates was greater than 90% at all altitudes, with the concentration of secondary isoprene nitrates increasing with altitude. Notably, reaction of isoprene with $\text{NO}_{3}$ leading to isoprene nitrate formation was found to be significant (~8% of primary organic nitrate production) during the daytime, and monoterpene reactions with $\text{NO}_{3}$ were simulated to comprise up to ~83% of primary organic nitrate production at night. Lastly, forest succession, wherein aspen trees are being replaced by pine and maple trees, was predicted to lead to increased afternoon concentrations of monoterpene-derived organic nitrates. This further underscores the need to understand the formation and fate of these species, which have different chemical pathways and oxidation products compared to isoprene-derived organic nitrates and can lead to secondary organic aerosol formation. en
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.publisher Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union en
dc.relation.isversionof en
dc.rights © 2012 Authors. CC Attribution 3.0 License. en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.subject aerosol en
dc.subject atmospheric chemistry en
dc.subject biogenic emission en
dc.subject forest canopy en
dc.subject isoprene en
dc.subject nitrate en
dc.subject ozone en
dc.subject reaction rate en
dc.subject vertical mixing en
dc.subject volatile organic compound en
dc.subject Michigan en
dc.subject United States en
dc.subject Acer en
dc.subject Populus en
dc.title Contributions of individual reactive biogenic volatile organic compounds to organic nitrates above a mixed forest en
dc.type Article en
dc.altmetrics.display false en

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