Show simple item record Allen, Jonathan Bakos, Yannis Kling, Rob 2006-06-15T17:54:21Z 2006-06-15T17:54:21Z 1998
dc.description.abstract A popular philosophy of manufacturing reform commonly referred to as "World Class Manufacturing", calls for the adoption of organizational practices that significantly alter coordination within and between manufacturing firms. These practices are intended to enable continuous improvement, speed up response time, improve product quality, and create closer relationships with customers and suppliers. The adoption of coordination methods advocated by World Class Manufacturing, such as cross-functional teams and vendor certification, has been uneven. This is not surprising, considering the diversity of technical and institutional demands faced by different manufacturing firms, and even by different groups within firms. But the literature on World Class Manufacturing coordination reforms has yet to describe the key contextual factors and processes which make these methods more or less sustainable for different organizations, continuing to prescribe the same solutions to every firm regardless of their situation or history. In this study, we turn to organizational theory to help explain the sustainability or abandonment of different World Class Manufacturing coordination methods. Using a case study of three different coordination reforms in a Southern California aerospace firm, we compared the explanatory power of two popular theoretical perspectives on organizational coordination and action -- one rational perspective (structural contingency theory) and one natural perspective (institutional theory). One of the abandoned coordination reforms depended upon a complex computerized information system. Our study indicates that the use of organizational theories adds substantially to our explanation and understanding of the practical barriers faced by World Class Manufacturing coordination practices. Since few of these coordination innovations are justified using traditional techniques, it is especially important to have rich conceptual tools for thinking through exactly which coordination innovations will be sustainable in particular manufacturing organizations. The combination of rational and natural systems models accounts for both the technical and the (often neglected) institutional dimensions of the manufacturing environment. en
dc.description.sponsorship Indiana University en
dc.format.extent 87666 bytes
dc.format.extent 10176 bytes
dc.format.mimetype text/html
dc.format.mimetype image/jpeg
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.publisher Rob Kling Center for Social Informatics en
dc.relation.ispartofseries WP-98-06 en
dc.rights Creative Commons license en
dc.subject social informatics en
dc.subject World Class Manufacturing en
dc.subject coordination en
dc.subject organizational theory en
dc.subject rational model en
dc.subject natural systems en
dc.subject Structural Contingency Theory en
dc.subject Institutional Theory en
dc.subject WCD en
dc.subject manufacturing en
dc.title Sustaining New Coordination Methods: The Case of World Class Manufacturing en
dc.type Working Paper en

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