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dc.contributor.author Gibson, Christina Taylor
dc.date.accessioned 2013-05-01T17:16:04Z
dc.date.available 2013-05-01T17:16:04Z
dc.date.issued 2011-10
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2022/15504
dc.description.abstract Gala crowds braved torrential rain and thunder to see the premiere of Carlos Chávez’s ballet H.P. (Horsepower or Caballos de Vapor) on March 31, 1932. The performance was directed by Leopold Stokowski, choreographed by Catherine Littlefield, and featured sets and costumes by Diego Rivera. It marked the first major performance of Chávez’s music in the U.S. Advance publicity emphasized a utopian Pan-American reading of the scenario; it advertised the composer’s use of son, tango, and zandunga, Rivera’s tropical fruit costumes, and Stokowski’s research trips to Mexico. A close study of Chávez’s manuscript score indicates, however, that the composer’s public support of a Pan-American reading was contradicted by the quasi-hidden dystopic program evident in the score. There the son and zandunga are overwhelmed by aggressive, dissonant, mechanical “Northern” sounds, closely identified with the U.S. Although Chávez managed to conceal his true program from Stokowski, Littlefield, and U.S. critics—the overt message of American cooperation was far more appealing than the co-optation represented in the score—the existence of the alternate program wrecked havoc on the necessarily collaborative art of ballet production, rendering the H.P. premiere confused and confusing. As a result, reviewers concurred that, “It was more of a sensation before it began than after it was over.” In this paper I will examine evidence for a hidden program in Chávez’s music for H.P., and analyze its affect on the performance and reception of the work. en
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.publisher Latin American Music Center en
dc.subject Cultural en
dc.subject Conferencia en
dc.subject Cultural Counterpoints en
dc.subject Interactions en
dc.subject Latin America en
dc.subject Latin American Music Center en
dc.subject Music en
dc.subject Musical en
dc.subject Música en
dc.subject Música Latinoamericana en
dc.subject United States en
dc.subject Fiftieth Anniversary en
dc.subject 50th anniversary en
dc.subject Horsepower en
dc.subject Carlos Chávez en
dc.subject Caballos de Vapor en
dc.subject Leopold Stokowski en
dc.subject Catherine Littlefield en
dc.subject Diego Rivera en
dc.subject Pan-American en
dc.subject Inter-American en
dc.subject Mexico en
dc.title Double Meanings in Carlos Chavez’s Horsepower [abstract only[ en
dc.type Article en


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