Show simple item record Grant, Edward
dc.creator Edward Grant 2005-06-28T20:37:26Z 2005-06-28T20:37:26Z 1993-04-30
dc.identifier.other Collection C184
dc.description Lecture delivered on April 30, 1993 at the International Symposium on Traditional Sciences in Seoul, Korea en
dc.description.abstract By the twelfth century, western Europe had developed a hunger for new secular learning. Up to that time, what scholars knew about the physical world was derived from traditional Latin handbooks that contained the remnants of a popular science that went back to the Greeks of the Hellenistic period. The knowledge they sought has been appropriately characterized as "Greco-Arabic" science because it consisted of works written in Greek within a Greek cultural orbit going back as far as the 5th century B.C., and also of works written in Arabic that had been either translated from Greek or were original compositions. The number of works translated from Arabic into Latin far exceeded those translated from Greek into Latin. These translations were made by scholars from all parts of Europe, who went to Spain, Sicily, and northern Italy, or were already inhabitants of these places. Most of those who translated from Arabic to Latin had to learn Arabic, which was not their native language. Without their extraordinary achievements, late medieval science in Europe might never have occurred. This vast amount of new learning that entered western Europe, and which had never before known in the Latin language, is appropriately divisible into two categories: the first includes treatises that were devoted to technical science, such as Euclid's Elements and Ptolemy's Almagest; the second embraces those that were classifiable as works of natural philosophy, especially those written by Aristotle (along with commentaries on Aristotle's treatises by the Arabian commentators, Averroes [1126-1198] and Avicenna [980-1037]). Although both of these divisions of Greco-Arabic science were important for the development of the history of science, I will argue that what medieval scholars did with natural philosophy and the role they assigned to it in intellectual life was ultimately more important than what they did with the technical sciences. In this lecture, I shall focus on the role of natural philosophy. en
dc.description.sponsorship Lecture delivered at a symposium under the sponsorship of Taejon Expo '93 en
dc.format.extent 126976 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/msword
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.subject Middle Ages en
dc.subject Natural philosophy en
dc.subject Aristotle en
dc.subject Theology en
dc.subject Medieval en
dc.subject Cosmology en
dc.subject Catholic Church en
dc.subject History of science en
dc.subject Averroes en
dc.subject Euclid en
dc.subject Ptolemy en
dc.subject Avicenna en
dc.subject Greco-Arabic science en
dc.title The Nature of West European Science in the Late Middle Ages (1200-1500) en
dc.type Presentation en

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