Campus Housing, Student Engagement and Persistence: A Multi-Institutional Study

Permanent link for this collectionhttps://hdl.handle.net/2022/24422

This study examines the relationships between students' residential conditions, their engagement, and ultimately their persistence for first-year and sophomore students attending 75 U.S. institutions. The study combines data from NSSE, a special set of NSSE questions on students’ living arrangements, the ACUHO-I Campus Housing Index, and persistence data from the National Student Clearinghouse.

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    Predicting the Living Arrangements of Marginalized Students
    (2021-10) Fassett, Kyle; Fosnacht, Kevin; Gonyea, Robert; Graham, Polly
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    NSSE/ACUHO-I Housing Study: Reflections on Three Years of Research
    (ACUHO-I Annual Conference and Expo, 2021-06) Gonyea, Robert; Fosnacht, Kevin; Graham, Polly; Fassett, Kyle
    With funding and support from the ACUHO-I Foundation, researchers from the National Survey of Student Engagement studied the influence of college student housing at 76 diverse residential institutions. A culmination of three years of research, this session highlights implications for practice in the areas of persistence, living-learning communities, roommate matching, and housing differences among diverse students. We also will discuss the future of housing research.
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    Roommate Assignments: Managing The Process and Supporting Students of Color
    (ACUHO-I VIRTUAL Business Operations Conference, 2020-10-27) Gonyea, Robert M.; Graham, Polly; Fosnacht, Kevin; Fassett, Kyle T.
    Getting a roommate is one of the first milestones of a student’s campus experience. In the past decade, the rise of social media and online roommate-matching sites has changed how students find roommates, and the proportion of incoming students choosing their preferred roommate has increased. Lately, however, multiple institutions moved to requiring incoming students to have institutionally-assigned roommates in the hope of increasing cross-cultural interactions. We investigated this assertion using data from 76 schools participating in an ACUHO-I sponsored study. Results show that preventing students from choosing their own roommates is not an effective method of increasing interactional diversity. We also discovered that the policies can have negative consequences for students of color. Considering these findings, the NSSE research team makes recommendations for institutions.
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    Revisiting the Impact of LLCs on Student Engagement and Success - Academic Initiatives 2020
    (ACUHO-I Academic Initiatives Conference 2020, 2020-10-14) Fosnacht, Kevin; Gonyea, Robert M.; Fassett, Kyle T.; Graham, Polly
    Campus housing has changed markedly in recent years, prompting questions about its impact and the benefits of living-learning communities (LLCs) in particular. Sponsored by an ACUHO-I research grant, we surveyed a diverse, multi-campus sample of residents to study the relationships between LLC participation, engagement, perceived gains in learning and development, and persistence. Results affirm LLCs promote engagement in expected ways, but also point to areas for improvement. Implications for practice will be discussed.
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    Campus Housing, Student Engagement and Persistence - ACUHO-I 2020 Summit
    (2020-06-24) Gonyea, Robert; Fosnacht, Kevin; Graham, Polly; Fassett, Kyle
    For the past three years, a team of researchers from the National Survey of Student Engagement has been studying the impact of residence life on first-year and sophomore students enrolled at 76 residential campuses. This session will overview their findings and make recommendations to improve practice. Topics covered include student engagement, living-learning programs, roommate selection, and persistence.
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    Student Living Arrangements: An Exploration of Marginalized Identities
    (2020-03) Fassett, Kyle T.; Gonyea, Robert M.; Graham, Polly A.; Fosnacht, Kevin J.
    While past research found on-campus living to benefit student success, recent studies find mixed support, particularly for marginalized groups. This study focuses on first-year and sophomore students of color, LGBQ+ students, gender non-binary students, and students with disabilities, analyzing where they live as related to a variety of outcomes. Data come from 76 residential colleges and universities that participated in NSSE during 2018. Results show differences in where students report living and students’ engagement and perceptions of belongingness and safety in their living communities.
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    Pick and Choose
    (Association of College and University Housing Officers – International, 2020-05) Gonyea, Robert; Fosnacht, Kevin; Graham, Polly
    Getting a roommate is one of the {rst milestones of a student’s campus experience. Is there a best way to manage this process and support students of color?
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    Campus Housing, Student Engagement and Persistence (SOP 2020)
    (ACUHO-I State of Profession, New Orleans, LA, 2020-02-05) Gonyea, Robert; Fosnacht, Kevin
    This presentation summarizes recent research examining the direct and indirect relationships of first-year and sophomore students' living arrangements on student engagement and persistence.
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    Undergraduate Living Arrangements and Persistence
    (2019-05) Fosnacht, Kevin; Gonyea, Robert M.
    Early research on undergraduate housing found that living on-campus led to many positive outcomes relative to living off-campus and was one of the most beneficial student experiences. However, more recent research is tentative and nuanced, perhaps due to changing demographics or differences in housing type (e.g., suite-style residence halls, residence hall-like apartments off campus). Thus, we re-examined how undergraduate living arrangements influenced persistence.
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    Living-Learning, Engaging, Persisting
    (Association of College and University Housing Officers - International, 2019-11) Fassett, Kyle; Gonyea, Robert M.; Fosnacht, Kevin; Graham, Polly
    Living-learning communities (LLCs) are designed to maximize academic and social benefits through meaningful interactions with faculty, coordinated learning activities, and support for success. A team of researchers at the National Survey of Student Engagement* recently confirmed that LLCs are associated with effective learning and persistence in college.
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    Assessing the Quality of Undergraduate Living Arrangements: Relationships with Engagement and Persistence
    (Assessment Institute, 2019-10-14) Fosnacht, Kevin; Gonyea, Robert; Fassett, Kyle; Graham, Polly
    This presentation overviews research findings from the National Survey of Student Engagement's living arrangements study. It discusses student persistence, the sophomore experience, roommate matching policies, and living-learning communities.
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    Revisiting the Impact of LLCs on Student Engagement and Success
    (ACUHO-I Academic Initiatives Conference, 2019-10) Fosnacht, Kevin; Graham, Polly; Gonyea, Robert M.; Hurtado, Sarah; Fassett, Kyle
    Campus housing has changed markedly in recent years, prompting questions about its impact and the benefits of living-learning communities (LLCs) in particular. Sponsored by an ACUHO-I research grant, we surveyed a diverse, multi-campus sample of residents to study the relationships between LLC participation, engagement, perceived gains, and persistence. Results affirm LLCs promote engagement in expected ways, but also point to areas for improvement. Implications for practice will be discussed.
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    The role of residence life in undergraduate persistence
    (ACUHO-I Annual Convention and Expo, 2019-06-23) Fosnacht, Kevin; Gonyea, Robert M.; Graham, Polly; Fassett, Kyle
    For many decades, living on campus was believed to be a primary determinant of undergraduate persistence and success. However, more recent research must raise questions about expanding diversity and the experiences of underrepresented groups, changing living arrangements, new programs and learning opportunities, and the changing campus environment in general. This session will present results from a study supported by an ACUHO-I Sponsored Research Grant that examined residence life's contribution to the persistence of first-year and sophomore students at 76 institutions. It will also detail the role residence life programming and factors like perceptions of safety on persistence.
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    The Relationship Between Residential Learning Communities and Student Engagement
    (Learning Communities Research and Practice, 2020) Hurtado, Sarah S.; Gonyea, Robert M.; Graham, Polly A.; Fosnacht, Kevin
    Residential learning communities (RLCs) are residence hall environments designed to deliver academic and social benefits. For decades, many have argued RLCs are an effective means for increasing student success. Yet substantial changes in the defining characteristics of campus housing and student diversity have led to new questions about the impact of living on campus and the benefits of RLCs in particular. Consequently, we investigated the continued efficacy of RLCs as an effective educational practice. Using data from a diverse, multi-institution sample of first-year and sophomore students, this study provides insight into the relationships between RLC participation, student engagement, and perceived gains in learning.
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    The NSSE/ACUHO-I living environment study: What questions should we put to the data?
    (ACUHO-I Annual Convention and Expo, 2018-07-09) Gonyea, Robert M.; Fosnacht, Kevin; Graham, Polly; Hurtado, Sarah
    Senior housing officers (SHOs) are invited to provide meaningful input on the ACUHO-I-sponsored NSSE project, Campus Housing, Student Engagement, and Persistence: A Multi-Institutional Study. Researchers will discuss the surveys and other data collected from 75 institutions in 2018. SHO input will help researchers adapt analyses and reports to the needs of ACUHO-I institutions.
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    The relationship of sophomore living arrangements on engagement and perceived outcomes
    (ACUHO-I Annual Convention and Expo, 2019-06-23) Gonyea, Robert M.; Fosnacht, Kevin; Fassett, Kyle; Graham, Polly
    Much of the conversation about living on campus focuses on first-year students. In this session, we offer a deep dive into understanding the housing experiences of sophomores at 76 institutions. Using data from the National Survey of Student Engagement and supported by an ACUHO-I Sponsored Research Grant, participants will learn how the background characteristics and engagement of on- and off-campus sophomores are associated with perceptions of safety and support, financial stress, programming, and more. After a presentation of findings, we will engage in a discussion about what this means for housing and residence life policy and practice.
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    The effects of the first-year residence hall roommate assignment policy on interactional diversity and perceptions of the campus environment
    (Association for the Study of Higher Education Annual Conference, 2018-11-15) Fosnacht, Kevin; Gonyea, Robert M.; Graham, Polly A.
    A heterogeneous student body is valued in part because diverse interactions among students help create educated and competent citizens and promote learning and development. Campus housing is a primary setting for diverse interactions as students navigate living with individuals who differ from themselves. This study investigated how the roommate assignment process influences interactional diversity and perceptions of the campus environment for first-year students living on campus, and if these relationships differ by race/ethnicity and national origin. On average, students whose roommates were assigned by the institution (as opposed to choosing their own roommates) did not interact with diverse others more often. At the same time, however, Asian, Black and multiracial students who were assigned roommates by the institution perceived a substantially less welcoming campus environment than their same-race peers who chose their roommates. This difference was not observed for White students.
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    The ACUHO-I/NSSE Student Housing Study: What have we learned so far?
    (ACUHO-I Annual Convention and Expo, 2019-06-24) Graham, Polly A.; Fosnacht, Kevin; Fassett, Kyle; Gonyea, Robert M.; Hurtado, Sarah
    Backed by an ACUHO-I Sponsored Research Grant, researchers from the National Survey of Student Engagement surveyed over 55,000 first-year, sophomore, and senior students about their housing, roommates, safety, finances, and well-being. Combining these responses with data on engagement; information about campus facilities, policy, and programming from the ACUHO-I Campus Housing Index; and enrollment records from the National Student Clearinghouse, we are gaining a better understanding of the relationship of housing conditions, student learning, and outcomes. Come listen and ask questions as we share what we have learned about topics like roommate policies, living-learning communities, and more.
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    Housing, student engagement, and persistence: A first look
    (ACUHO-I Annual Conference and Expo, 2018-07-09) Gonyea, Robert M.; Graham, Polly; Hurtado, Sarah; Fosnacht, Kevin
    Through an ACUHO-I Foundation grant, National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE) researchers are examining the relationship between students' living environments, engagement, and persistence. In Spring 2018, NSSE collected survey data about on- and off-campus living situations and perceptions from first-year, sophomore, and senior students at 75 bachelor's degree-granting institutions. This session provides a first look at results, including relationships between housing options and students' perceptions of safety and support, financial stress, and programming.