contributor.author: Michael Gervers

title.none: Keats-Rohan, ed., Domesday People: A Prosopography (Michael Gervers)

identifier.other: baj9928.0110.004 01.10.04

identifier.issn: 1096-746X

description.statementofresponsibility: Michael Gervers, University of Toronto, 102063.2152@compuserve.com

publisher.none: .

date.issued: 2001

identifier.citation: Keats-Rohan, K.S.B. Domesday People: A Prosopography of Person Occurring in English Documents 1066-1166, Vol I: Domesday Book. Suffolk: Boydell, 1999. Pp. vii, 563. $110.00. ISBN: 0-851-15722-X.

type.none: Review

relation.ispartof: The Medieval Review

The Medieval Review 01.10.04

Keats-Rohan, K.S.B. Domesday People: A Prosopography of Person Occurring in English Documents 1066-1166, Vol I: Domesday Book. Suffolk: Boydell, 1999. Pp. vii, 563. $110.00. ISBN: 0-851-15722-X.

Reviewed by:

Michael Gervers
University of Toronto
102063.2152@compuserve.com

Domesday People...Domesday Book is the first volume of "an authoritative and complete prosopography of post-Conquest England" (p. iii) covering the period 1066-1166 and based upon the "principal English administrative sources" for the period, that is, Domesday Book, the Pipe Rolls and the Cartae Baronum.

A lengthy Introduction (pp. 1-117) considers Domesday Book (DB) largely in terms of the personal names which occur in it, with particular attention being paid to toponymics, and regional or "territorial descriptors". These represent approximately forty percent of the 2,172 landholders occurring in DB which the editor has been able to identify. In addition to the overall majority who derive from Normandy, attention is paid to the Breton contribution to the Conquest, and to the Continental origins of DB landholders in general. Concluding remarks submit that DB prosopography is both "a history of the conquest and settlement of England" and "the history in microcosm of Normandy and the Normans". (75) In the continuing debate over what might have been, had Duke William of Normandy remained on his side of the Channel, and what was, Keats-Rohan finds a clearly positive consequence of the invasion: "certainly the conquest of the most sophisticated state of its time by the most ruthlessly efficient entrepreneurs of the time ensured the future of England as the home of innovation in the science of government."

Two appendices complete the introductory material. The first is a Latin transcription of the Lindsey Survey (1115-18), minus the "very late" additions. Although previously published from BL Cotton Claudius C v by Thomas Hearne in the Black Book of the Exchequer (1728), in translation by Chester Waters (1883), in facsimile by James Harris Greenstreet (1884), and again in translation by C.W. Foster and T. Longley in 1924, it is included here with an independent index of persons and places because of its "prosopographical importance".

The second appendix consists of the Northamptonshire Survey from BL Cotton MS Vespasian E 22, thought to have been drawn up shortly before 1120 in association with the assessment of Danegeld. Unlike the Lindsey Survey, a full Latin transcription has never before been published. It too has a dedicated index.

The great bulk of the volume (pp. 121-541) is devoted to the DB prosopography. Entries are arranged in alphabetical order by an individual's first name; names with attributes (occupational, topographic or other) precede those without. After "Wluuius Piscator", the list is followed on p. 499, unfortunately without a physical division, by unnamed (although not unidentified) abbots ("Abbas De"), by abbeys ("Abbatia De") and churches ("Ecclesia"), and alphabetically by unidentified persons without forenames and miscellaneous groups. It is unclear to this reviewer, however, why "Filius Willelmi De Taon" should appear in the list of individuals alphabetized by first name (p. 199) and "[ ] Filius Almari" among the unidentified persons without forenames (p. 537). Each entry contains what the editor has been able to determine about an individual's feudal and personal relationships, followed by a list of references to the sources from which the relevant information came. The volume concludes with a bibliography of short titles, and of abbreviations, arranged topographically. Thus, G. R. Elvey's Luffield Priory Charters will be found under "Luffield", and the Cartulaire de Saint-Michel- de-l'Abbayette, edited by B[ertrand] de Broussillom (sic), under "Le Mans/Maine" (p. 555). Even when one gets used to it, this construction is somewhat cumbersome, especially if the place-name under which the bibliographical reference appears does not feature in the title of the work.

Keats-Rohan has been a pioneer in the application of computer technology to historical research, and particularly in the use of relational databases to organize and manipulate lists and indexes of the type represented by the present volume. As anyone who uses computers for this purpose knows, improvements in hardware and software are constantly being made and these in turn are changing the way in which we approach, and are able to access, large amounts of information. The computer database has many advantages over the printed book; the transfer of information from the former to the latter, as occurs here, results in a somewhat uncomfortable marriage between the long- standing traditions of manually organizing and synthesizing data, and computerized alternatives. Associations easily made between related information in a computer database cannot be achieved in a printed book without an inordinate amount of cross-indexing. The unfortunate aspect of this attempt to transfer a relational database into book form is that virtually all the advantages of computerized access have disappeared, and no compensating aid has been incorporated into the printed version. Had the volume been produced today, that is probably about four years after it was conceived, some of the problems it contains could have been alleviated by advances in the IT industry. Other difficulties could have been avoided from the start by the introduction of some basic, well-tried methodology.

The editor is well aware of the potential shortcomings of what should be a first class research aid. She designed her own database "to cope with the problems of uncertainty", but "most of the checks and balances built into that [database system] have inevitably been lost here". (122) To put it simply, the contents of this 563-page book would have served the researcher far better had it remained in its electronic format. In this case, the printed DB prosopography is an expensive compromise reflecting an early intermediary stage in the approach to, and accessibility of, data available in machine-readable form. When this book was planned, it would already have been possible to print the introductory material alone and include the prosopography on a CD-ROM in the jacket pocket. The days of the CD-ROM for this purpose have, however, already been replaced by the facility of internet access to a researcher's database. Whereas the content of the CD-ROM was static, the internet enables the user to access whatever aspects of the database its creator wishes to make available, and which the creator can constantly keep current by correction and addition. The content of books which traditionally have been published in small numbers due to limited demand can now be made available over the internet by anybody, anywhere, anytime. The only proviso is that the user must have the means to access the internet, which, in North America at least and increasingly elsewhere, is taken for granted in academic circles.

The difficulties facing the user of the present work are manifold. In terms of the prosopography itself, access is limited by the fact that it is organized by first name only. If one is interested in a particular DB individual, well and good; but if one wants to place that person in a family or feudal context, the lack of cross-referencing by a second name, and the absence of a general index makes it impossible to do so. The same may be said of table 6b: "Sample of Norman provenances by modern departement" (pp. 66-73). One can find the first name, but the provenance can only be determined by a visual search.

As mentioned above, the content of the Lindsey and Northamptonshire Surveys have been indexed for place and personal names, the latter also by first name only and neither according to modern equivalents. One is initially surprised to find that the "hundr' de Widerna" appears before the "hundred de Hamringheheim", and the latter before the "hundr[edum] de Tedolfbi" (p. 93). The computer's indexing capacities were clearly working as they were programmed to do, but the index could have used some post-production manipulation, not to mention editorial polish, in order to bring all of the references to "hundreds" together under a single heading in alphabetical order. The index to the Northamptonshire Survey (pp. 110-17) finds the Monks of Bec appearing under the heading "monachi de Becco", while the listing of 'monachi' in general is followed by the "monachorum Sancti Wandragesile". The hundred of "Cleyle" appears under "Hundredum de Cleyle", while the hundreds of "Sutton" and "Wardon" appear respectively under "Sutton" and "Wardon". The hundreds of "Gildesboru", "Hecham" and "Orlingberg(e)" are cited under both the place name and among the listing for "Hundredum". The "Hundredum de Neubotlegraue" finds its reference unexpectedly under the modern "Newbottle", while the hundreds of "Albodestowe", "Hokeslawe", "Mallest", "Naso", and "Toucestre" are absent from the index in any form. Conformity with R. F. Hunnisett's Indexing for Editors (London, 1972) would have averted any such incongruities of reference.

The Bibliography suffers from similar inconsistencies, numerous lacunae within individual references, missing entries, incorrect formatting and many oversights in proofreading. The reader is reminded that "the principal system of reference is by place", and that as a consequence "one should look under 'Caen' for the full reference to Musset, Actes Caen...". (543) However, within the prosopography itself, one finds references not to "Musset, Actes Caen...", but simply to "Actes caen" (see under "Anschetil Filius Uspaci", p. 151), and if one did not know that Musset was the editor of this particular work one might have wondered whether this short title was really meant to designate the entry "L. Musset, Les Actes de Guillaume le Conquerant et la reine Mathilde pour les abbayes caennaises, Caen, 1967". It is perfectly acceptable to use short titles, but then one must provide a proper cross-reference to the complete entry and, under this topographical system, to where it is to be found. The reference in the prosopography under "Andreas de Vitriaco" (p. 151) to the article by "M. Brand'Honneur, 'Les Goranton-Herve de Vitre', MSHAB lxx (1993)" does not occur in the Bibliography, although "MSHAB" does. The pagination, however, is lost in the shuffle. Where, the reader asks, does one find a complete reference to the short title "Lincolnshire Claims" which, as it appears in alphabetical order in the bibliography is assigned simply to " Domesday Book , ed. Farley, i, fols. 375-7"? And how would one find the volume in question if one was unaware that "St. Bartholomew's" was a hospital in London? And, if one did find it, one would be disappointed that neither the date or place of publication were included in the citation (p. 555, on which there are in addition at least half a dozen proof-reading errors). Prefatory remarks to the Bibliography indicate that "any secondary abbreviation will be subordinate to the main place reference; hence, 'Feudal Book' will be found under 'Bury St Edmunds'", but under "Bury St Edmund's (sic)" the entry is in bold-face type and not indented, as is also the case for the two which follow and they too concern Bury. (546) Under "Marmoutier", the editors of four out of five cartularies are referred to by surname only. (556) "Le Mans/Maine", which occurs in the alphabetical listing of place names after "Luffield", includes a sub-entry for the Cartulaire de Saint-Pierre-de-la-Cour with which no editor's name is associated. (555). The VCH ( The Victoria County History) is cited as starting in 1933 (p. 562), while H. S. Offler's Durham Episcopal Charters, vol. 179 of the Surtees Society, is given a publication date of 1068. (549) A citation for "'The Worcestershire Survey'" in John Horace Round's Feudal England appears under "Droitwich" and is given a single page reference ("146"). The reprint edition of 1964 is cited, but without a place of publication, and there is no indication that the original work was published in 1895. (549) For whatever reason, the main entry "Excerpta" introduces A. Ballard's An Eleventh-Century Inquisition of St. Augustine's, Canterbury (pp. 549-50). P. King's "'The return of the fee of Robert de Brus in Domesday', Yorkshire Archaeological Journal, 60 (1988)'", cited without pagination in the entry for Rotbert de Bruis (p. 414), does not appear to have been included in the Bibliography.

Last but by no means least are citations of Domesday Book itself, all of which refer to Abraham Farley's two-volume edition of 1783, "reprinted with an English translation in 40 volumes" by Philimore publishers between 1974 and 1986 (pp. 121, 548-49). "Reference to this [Farley's] edition," the reader is informed, "is unavoidably imprecise". Why it is unavoidably imprecise is not clear, especially when the folios are invariably cited in the prosopography with the sectional letters, "a", "b", "c" and "d", and more precision could have been introduced with the addition of line numbers. We read further that "Several references to the same folio may be given, but each will relate to a separate occurrence of the subject in the Domesday text". (121). Multiple references to the same folio are not of themselves a difficulty, but when there are as many as twenty of them citing the same sectional letter among the source references following a single prosopographical entry, one begins to have serious doubts about the efficacy of the methodology used for the citations. The problem lies not only with references to the DB, but to all references cited.

From this reviewer's standpoint the source references, which provide the authentication for everything which appears in this prosopographical enterprise, are nothing less than a hopeless confusion. The culprit, it would appear, is the computer: "The origin of the prosopography in a computer database is evident in the list of references following each entry, which appear in an entirely random order". (121) "Random" puts it mildly. What the user is confronted with is no less than a computerized data dump, as is evident from the examples cited below. If the references for each entry had been transferred to a spread sheet and alphabetized, a procedure which could have been accomplished in seconds even four years ago, the randomness would immediately have been converted to an alphabetized list. This list could then, equally quickly, have had all duplication removed. That procedure could have saved up to eighty percent of the space devoted to the source references and removed the impossible task presently facing the user of drawing together all citations to a given source. The examples which follow at the end of this review show what the reader is confronted with, and how the references might have been presented, had they been consolidated.

This volume is a useful guide to the personal names appearing in Domesday Book, but it suffers from the gap which existed when it was produced between the editor's expectations of computerized data and the reader's expectations of a printed book. The outcome is reflected by the editor's final observation in the introductory notes to the Prosopography: "No one, author or reader, can claim anything written here as absolute fact". (122)

EDITOR'S SOURCE CITATIONS FOR ROBERT MALET (pp. 389-391)

Chibnall, English Lands of Abbey of Bec (1951), No. V; Regesta regum Anglo-Normannorum III, No. 73; Harper-Bill & Mortimer, Stoke by Clare Cartulary, No. 1; Regesta regum Anglo- Normannorum III, No. 74; Regesta regum Anglo-Normannorum III, No. 75 a; Regesta regum Anglo-Normannorum III, No. 79; Regesta regum Anglo-Normannorum III, No. 75a; i, fol. 68c; Dugdale, Monasticon Anglicanum, III, p. 473, No. IX; Chibnall, English Lands of Abbey of Bec (1951), No. VIII; Chibnall, English Lands of Abbey of Bec (1951), No. XI; Chibnall, English Lands of Abbey of Bec (1951), No. V; Chibnall, English Lands of Abbey of Bec (1951), No. II; Chibnall, English Lands of Abbey of Bec (1951), No. XXIX; Chibnall, English Lands of Abbey of Bec (1951), No. XV; Chibnall, English Lands of Abbey of Bec (1951), No. 1; Regesta regum Anglo-Normannorum III, No. 76; Greenway, Charters of the Honour of Mowbray (1972), No. 11; Chibnall, English Lands of Abbey of Bec (1951), No. XXV; Harper-Bill & Mortimer, Stoke by Clare Cartulary, No. 136; Harper-Bill & Mortimer, Stoke by Clare Cartulary No. 137; Harper-Bill & Mortimer, Stoke by Clare Cartulary, No. 70; Chibnall, English Lands of Abbey of Bec (1951), No. XIV; Chibnall, English Lands of Abbey of Bec (1951), No. XLVIII; Chibnall, English Lands of Abbey of Bec (1951), No. XXXIX; Chibnall, English Lands of Abbey of Bec (1951), No. XLI; Chibnall, English Lands of Abbey of Bec (1951), No. XXVI; Chibnall, English Lands of Abbey of Bec (1951), No. XLDC; Chibnall, English Lands of Abbey of Bec (1951), No. XL; Chibnall, English Lands of Abbey of Bec (1951), No. XVI; Regesta regum Anglo-Normannorum III, No. 80; Regesta regum Anglo-Normannorum III, No. 74; Chibnall, English Lands of Abbey of Bec (1951), No. VIII; Regesta regum Anglo-Normannorum III, No. 373; Chibnall, English Lands of Abbey of Bec (1951), No. XLIX; Regesta regum Anglo-Normannorum III, No. 78; Northants Survey, fols 94r-95v; i, fol.159d; Dugdale Monasticon Anglicanum, III, p. 473, No. VIII; Chibnall, English Lands of Abbey of Bec (1951), No. XXI; Chibnall, English Lands of Abbey of Bec (1951), No. XI; Pipe Roll 8 Henry II, 13-wl; Pipe Roll 2 Henry II, 34-bk; Pipe Roll 2 Henry II, 17-e; Pipe Roll 8 Henry II, 02a-lcwk; Pipe Roll 2 Henry II, 13-hn; Pipe Roll 12 Henry II, 016-wc; Pipe Roll 2 Henry II 37-ox; Pipe Roll 2 Henry II, 14b-hn; Pipe Roll 5 Henry II, 18-bubd; Pipe Roll 2 Henry II, 26-ln; Pipe Roll 4 Henry II, 150-ox; Pipe Roll 2 Henry II, 11- sr; Pipe Roll 2 Henry II, 18-e; Pipe Roll 4 Henry II, 159-dv; Pipe Roll 5 Henry II, 56-sr; Pipe Roll 8 Henry II, 47-sr; Pipe Roll 12 Henry II, 001-ln; Pipe Roll 6 Henry II 18b-wl; Pipe Roll 12 Henry II, 017-nfsf; Pipe Roll 6 Henry II, 18a-wl; Pipe Roll 8 Henry II, 23-sm; Pipe Roll 7 Henry II, 15a-ln; Pipe Roll 6 Henry II, 37-nhbub; Pipe Roll 2 Henry II, 61-ss; Pipe Roll 10 Henry II, 30-bubd; Pipe Roll 10 Henry II, 33-nfsf; Pipe Roll 2 Henry II, 31-sm; Pipe Roll 4 Henry II 114-mx; Pipe Roll 4 Henry II, 162-sr; Pipe Roll 7 Henry II, 12-bubd; Pipe Roll 2 Henry II, 12a-sr; Pipe Roll 8 Henry II, 66-nfsf; Pipe Roll 8 Henry II, 24-ds; Pipe Roll 2 Henry II, 59b-wl; Pipe Roll 4 Henry II 117-wl; Pipe Roll 8 Henry II 05-dv; Pipe Roll 9 Henry II, 21- bubd; Pipe Roll 8 Henry II, 02b-lcwk; Pipe Roll 9 Henry II 28- nfsf; Pipe Roll 2 Henry II, 55-hm; Pipe Roll 8 Henry II, 67-lo; Pipe Roll 7 Henry II, 15b-ln; Pipe Roll 8 Henry II 65-nfsf; Pipe Roll 8 Henry II, 62-nfsf; Pipe Roll 8 Henry II, 28-ox; Pipe Roll 8 Henry II 17-ln; Pipe Roll 2 Henry II, 59a-wl; Pipe Roll II Henry II, 025-wy; Pipe Roll 4 Henry II 122-sm; Pipe Roll 11 Henry II, 034-ln; Pipe Roll 2 Henry II, 38-ox; Pipe Roll 4 Henry II, 133-e; Pipe Roll 6 Henry II, 52a-dv; Pipe Roll 4 Henry II 141-wy; Pipe Roll 8 Henry II, 49-cmhn; Pipe Roll 8 Henry II, 34-wc; Pipe Roll 6 Henry II, 40-wy; Pipe Roll 6 Henry II, 41-ls; Pipe Roll 4 Henry II, 137-ln; Pipe Roll 6 Henry II, 42-ds; Pipe Roll 2 Henry II, 12b-sr; Pipe Roll 4 Henry II, 185- wk; Pipe Roll 4 Henry II, 124-bk; Pipe Roll 2 Henry II, 23- bubd; Pipe Roll 8 Henry II 41-bubd; Pipe Roll 2 Henry II, 14a- hn; Pipe Roll 4 Henry II 142-nh; Pipe Roll 10 Henry II, 22-ln; Pipe Roll 2 Henry II 33-ds; Pipe Roll 8 Henry II 44-bk; Pipe Roll 4 Henry II, 182-ss; Pipe Roll 2 Henry II, 25-ln; Pipe Roll 6 Henry II, 20-wl; Pipe Roll 8 Henry II, 31-ss; Pipe Roll 6 Henry II, 58-sm; Pipe Roll 11 Henry II, 003-nfsf; Pipe Roll 2 Henry II, 44-wk; Pipe Roll 6 Henry II, 52b-dv; Regesta regum Anglo-Normannorum III, No. 782; Pipe Roll 31 Henry I 152-mx; Pipe Roll 31 Henry I, 015-ds; Pipe Roll 31 Henry I, 121-ln; Pipe Roll 31 Henry I, 056-e; Pipe Roll 31 Henry I, 051-sr; Pipe Roll 31 Henry I,109-ln; Pipe Roll 31 Henry I, 060-e; Pipe Roll 31 Henry I, 070-ss; Pipe Roll 31 Henry I, 072-ss; Pipe Roll 31 Henry I, 095-nf; Pipe Roll 31 Henry I, 104-bd; Pipe Roll 31 Henry I, 022a-wl; Pipe Roll 31 Henry I, 099-sf; Pipe Roll 31 Henry I, 099-sf; Pipe Roll 31 Henry I, 072-ss; Pipe Roll 31 Henry I, 049-hn; Pipe Roll 31 Henry I, 056-e; Pipe Roll 31 Henry I, 022b-wl; Pipe Roll 31 Henry I, 060-e; Pipe Roll 31 Henry I, 095-nf; Pipe Roll 31 Henry I, 070-ss; Pipe Roll 31 Henry I, 005-ox; Pipe Roll 31 Henry I, 049-hn; Pipe Roll 31 Henry I, 121-ln; Pipe Roll 31 Henry I, 051-sr; Pipe Roll 31 Henry I, 104-bd; Pipe Roll 31 Henry I, 135-pe; Pipe Roll 31 Henry I, 109-ln; Chibnall, English Lands of Abbey of Bec (1951), No. XXIV; Regesta regum Anglo-Normannorum III, No. 781; Regesta regum Anglo-Normannorum III, No. 77; Pipe Roll 2 Henry II, 07-of; Regesta regum Anglo-Normannorum III, No. 75; Chibnall, English Lands of Abbey of Bec (1951), No. XXII; Chibnall, English Lands of Abbey of Bec (1951), No. XXXVI; Chibnall, English Lands of Abbey of Bec (1951), No. L; Pipe Roll 7 Henry II, 44-sr; Chibnall, English Lands of Abbey of Bec (1951), No. LI; Chibnall, English Lands of Abbey of Bec (1951), No. XXIV; i, fol. 34d; i fol. 34d; Dugdale, Monasticon Anglicanum, III, p. 473, No. XII; Dugdale, Monasticon Anglicanum, III, pp. 472-73, No. VII; Dugdale, Monasticon Anglicanum, III, p. 473, No. XI; Greenway, Charters of the Honour of Mowbray (1972), No. 3; Greenway, Charters of the Honour of Mowbray (1972), No. 2

TEXT CONSOLIDATED BY THE REVIEWER OF THE SOURCE CITATIONS FOR ROBERT MALET:

Chibnall, English Lands of Abbey of Bec (1951), nos. I, II, V/2X, VIII/2X, XI/2X, XIV-XVI, XXIX, XXI-XXII,, XXIV/2X,XXV- XXVI, XXXVI, XXXIX, XL-XLI, XLIX L-LI, XLVIII, XLDC; DB (Farley i), fol. 34d/2X, 68c, 159d; Dugdale, Monasticon Anglicanum, III, pp, 472-73, no. VII & p. 473, nos. VIII-IX, XI-XII; Greenway, Charters of the Honour of Mowbray (1972), nos. 2, 3, 11; Harper-Bill & Mortimer, Stoke by Clare Cartulary, nos. 1, 70, 136-37; Northants Survey, fols 94r-95v; PR 31 H I: 5-ox, 15-ds, 22a-wl, 22b-wl, 49-hn/2X, 51-sr/2X, 56-e/2X, 60-e/2X, 70-ss/2X, 72-ss/2X, 95-nf/2X, 99-sf/2X, 104-bd/2X, 109-ln, 121- ln, 135-pe, 152-mx, 109-ln,121-ln; PR 2 H II: 7-of, 11-sr, 12a- sr, 12b-sr, 13-hn, 14a-hn, 14b-hn, 17-e, 18-e, 23-bubd, 25-ln, 26-ln, 31-sm, 33-ds, 34-bk, 37-ox, 38-ox, 44-wk, 55-hm, 59a-wl, 59b-wl, 61-ss; PR 4 H II: 114-mx, 117-wl, 122-sm, 124-bk, 133- e, 137-ln, 141-wy, 142-nh, 150-ox, 159-dv, 162-sr, 182-ss, 185- wk; PR 5 H II: 18-bubd, 56-sr; PR 6 H II: 18a-wl, 18b-wl, 20- wl, 37-nhbub, 40-wy, 41-ls, 42-ds, 52a-dv, 52b-dv, 58-sm; PR 7 H II: 12-bubd, 15a-ln, 15b-ln, 44-sr; PR 8 H II: 2a-lcwk, 2b- lcwk, 5-dv, 13-wl, 17-ln, 23-sm, 24-ds, 28-ox, 31-ss, 34-wc, 41-bubd, 44-bk, 47-sr, 49-cmhn, 62-nfsf, 65-nfsf, 66-nfsf, 67- lo; PR 9 H II: 21-bubd, 28-nfsf; PR 10 H II: 22-ln, 30-bubd, 33-nfsf; PR 11 H II: 3-nfsf, 25-wy, 34-ln; PR 12 H II: 1-ln, 16-wc, 17-nfsf; Regesta regum Anglo-Normannorum III, nos. 73, 74/2X, 75, 75a/2X, 76-80, 373, 781-82.

EDITOR'S SOURCE CITATIONS FOR THE ABBEY OF BEC (pp. 505-507)

Regesta regum Anglo-Normannorum III, No. 288; ii, fol. 103b; Stenton, English Feudalism, App., No. 11; Brown, Eye Priory Cartulary (1992-94), No. 53; Regesta regum Anglo-Normannorum III, No. 713; Douglas, Feudal Documents from Bury St Edmunds, No. 22; Brown, Eye Priory Cartulary (1992-94), No. 5; Brown, Eye Priory Cartulary (1992-94), No. 3; Fisher, Cartularium Prioratus de Colne (Earles C.), No. 3; Douglas, Feudal Documents from Bury St Edmunds, No. 24; Brown, Eye Priory Cartulary (1992-94), No. 326; Douglas, Feudal Documents from Bury St Edmunds, No. 23; Brown, Sibton Abbey Cartularies and Charters (1987), No. 547; Lincolnshire Claims (Domesday Book), fols 376d-377c; ii, fol. 328b; ii, fol. 385a; ii, fol. 329a; ii, fol. 334b; ii, fol. 155b; ii, fol. 384a; i, fol. 320c; ii, fol. 184b; ii, fol. 328b; ii, fol. 155b; i, fol. 320d; i, fol. 320d; i, fol. 320d; i, fol. 320c; i, fol. 320d; i, fol. 320c; i, fol. 320c; i, fol. 320c; i, fol. 320c; i, fol. 320c; i, fol. 320d; ii, fol. 386b; i, fol. 320c; ii, fol. 153b; i, fol. 320c; i, fol. 320c; i, fol. 320c; i, fol. 320c; i, fol. 320c; ii; fol. 154b; ii, fol. 154a; ii, fol. 153b; ii, fol. 153b; ii, fol. 154b; ii, fol. 155a; ii, fol. 311a; ii, fol. 154a; ii, fol.155b; ii, fol. 155a; ii, fol. 153b; ii, fol. 148b; ii, fol. 385b; ii, fol. 154b; ii, fol. 332a; ii, fol. 449b; ii, fol. 387a; ii, fol. 387a; ii, fol. 387a; ii, fol. 387a; ii, fol. 387a; ii, fol. 388a; ii, fol. 388b; ii, fol. 154a; ii, fol. 443a; i, fol. 320c; ii, fol. 155b; i, fol. 320d; ii, fol. 329a; ii, fol. 154b; ii, fol. 171b; i, fol. 298b; i , fol. 320c; i, fol. 368b; ii, fol. 156a; Lincolnshire Cl aims (Domesday Book), fols 376d-377c; ii, fol. 304a; ii, fol. 156x; ii, fol. 219b; ii, fol. 148b; Regesta regum Anglo-Normannorum III, No. 634; i, fol. 293d; Brown, Eye Priory Cartulary (1992-94), No. 1; Regesta regum Anglo-Normannorum III, No. 635; Brown, Eye Priory Cartulary (1992-94), No. 166; Brown, Eye Priory Cartulary (1992-94), No. 34; Brown, Eye Priory Cartulary (1992-94), No. 54; ii, fol. 088b; ii, fol. 171b; ii, fol. 156a; ii, fol. 155b; ii, fol. 156a; i, fol. 320d; ii, fol. 133b; i, fol. 320d; i, fol. 320d; i, fol. 320d; i, fol. 320d; i, fol. 320c; i, fol. 320d; i, fol. 320c; i, fol. 320d; i, fol. 320d; ii, fol. 155b; i, fol. 320d; ii, fol. 155b; i, fol. 320d; i, fol. 320d; i, fol. 320d; i, fol. 321a; i, fol. 321a; i, fol. 321a; i, fol. 368b; i, fol. 368b; i, fol. 368b; i, fol. 368b; i, fol. 368b; i, fol. 368b; i, fol. 320d; ii, fol. 400a; Regesta regum Anglo- Normannorum III, No. 288; ii, fol. 309b; ii, fol. 323b; ii, fol. 323b; ii, fol. 323b; ii, fol. 323b; ii, fol. 310b; ii, fol. 323a; ii, fol. 310b; ii, fol. 323b; ii, fol. 326a; ii, fol. 323a; ii, fol. 322b; ii, fol. 322b; ii, fol. 326a; ii, fol. 326a; ii, fol. 310b; ii, fol. 310b; ii, fol. 322a; ii, fol. 307a; ii, fol. 323a; ii, fol. 307b; ii, fol. 307b; ii, fol. 309a; ii, fol. 309b; ii, fol. 309a; ii, fol. 306b; ii, fol. 309a; ii, fol. 309b; ii, fol. 309b; ii, fol. 322b; ii, fol. 309b; ii, fol. 322b; ii, fol. 322b; ii, fol. 322b; ii, fol. 307b; ii, fol. 307b; ii, fol. 322b; ii, fol. 322b; ii, fol. 322b; ii, fol. 323a; ii, fol. 323a; ii, fol. 323b; ii, fol. 323a; ii, fol. 307a; ii, fol. 306b; ii, fol. 318a; ii, fol. 324b; ii, fol. 320b; ii, fol. 319a; ii, fol. 319a; ii, fol. 318b; ii, fol. 319a; ii, fol. 318b; ii, fol. 319a; ii, fol. 318a; ii, fol. 326b; ii, fol. 319a; ii, fol. 320a; ii, fol. 322a; ii, fol. 319a; ii, fol. 319b; ii, fol. 319b; ii, fol. 318b; ii, fol. 320b; ii, fol. 321a; ii, fol. 321a; ii, fol. 326b; ii, fol. 326b; ii, fol. 321a; ii, fol. 321a; ii, fol. 319a; ii, fol. 326b; ii, fol. 320a; ii, fol. 321b; ii, fol. 321b; ii, fol. 321b; ii, fol. 326b; ii, fol. 326b; ii, fol. 321b; ii, fol. 321a; ii, fol. 318b; ii, fol. 321b; ii, fol. 324b; ii, fol. 326b; ii, fol. 325a; ii, fol. 325b; ii, fol. 325b; ii, fol. 325b; ii, fol. 323b; ii, fol. 325b; ii, fol. 321b; ii, fol. 325a; ii, fol. 323b; ii, fol. 325a; ii, fol. 325a; ii, fol. 325a; ii, fol. 325a; ii, fol. 324b; ii, fol. 326a; ii, fol. 325b; ii, fol. 324b; ii, fol. 319b; ii, fol. 319b; ii, fol. 317a; ii, fol. 319b; ii, fol. 309b; ii, fol. 319b; ii, fol. 324a; ii, fol. 326a; ii, fol. 320a; ii, fol. 324b; ii, fol. 324a; ii, fol. 324a; ii, fol. 324b; ii, fol. 324a; ii, fol. 326a; ii, fol. 323b; ii, fol. 323b; ii, fol. 324a; ii, fol. 316a; ii, fol. 314a; ii, fol. 316b; ii, fol. 314a; ii, fol. 310b; ii, fol. 314a; ii, fol. 313b; ii, fol. 314b; ii, fol. 314b; ii, fol. 315b; ii, fol. 311a; ii, fol. 315b; ii, fol. 314a; ii, fol. 316b; ii, fol. 310b; ii, fol. 310b; ii, fol. 311 a; ii, fol. 311 a; ii, fol. 312a; ii, fol. 313b; ii, fol. 312b; ii, fol. 313b; ii, fol. 312b; ii, fol. 313a; ii, fol. 313a; ii, fol. 315b; ii, fol. 327b; Hamilton, Inquisitio Eliensis (1876), pp. 192-95; i, fol. 291 d; i, fol. 291 d; ii, fol. 325a; ii, fol. 329a; ii, fol. 329b; ii, fol. 328b; ii, fol. 328b; ii, fol. 328a; ii, fol. 314a; ii, fol. 327b; ii, fol. 314a; ii, fol. 327b; ii, fol. 327b; ii, fol. 327a; ii, fol. 327a; ii, fol. 326b; ii, fol. 328a; i, fol. 36c; ii, fol. 326b; ii, fol. 324b; ii, fol. 314a; ii, fol. 313b; ii, fol. 314a; ii, fol. 327b; ii, fol. 314a; ii, fol. 305a; ii, fol. 310b; ii, fol. 305b; ii, fol. 304a; ii, fol. 306a; ii, fol. 306a; ii, fol. 306b; ii, fol. 306b; ii, fol. 306b; ii, fol. 305a; ii, fol. 305b; ii, fol. 306b; ii, fol. 304a; ii, fol. 304a; ii, fol. 304a; ii, fol. 306b; ii, fol. 310b; ii, fol. 309b; ii, fol. 309b; ii, fol. 310a; ii, fol. 310a; ii, fol. 310a; ii, fol. 310a; ii, fol. 310a; ii, fol. 312b; ii, fol. 317a; ii, fol. 318a; ii, fol. 304b; ii, fol. 317a; ii, fol. 304b; ii, fol. 317b; ii, fol. 317b; ii, fol. 317a; ii, fol. 318a; ii, fol. 318a; ii, fol. 317b; ii, fol. 310b; ii, fol. 321a; ii, fol. 317a; ii, fol. 304b; ii, fol. 306a; ii, fol. 317a; ii, fol. 317a; ii, fol. 316b; ii, fol. 317a; ii, fol. 316b; ii, fol. 317a; ii, fol. 317a; ii, fol. 326b; ii, fol. 317a; ii, fol. 317a; ii, fol. 088a; i, fol. 368b; i, fol. 320c; ii, fol. 153b; ii, fol. 304a; Dugdale, Monasticon Anglicanum, IV, p. 148, No. I; Regesta regum Anglo- Normannorum III, No. 180; Brown, Eye Priory Cartulary (1992- 94), No. 44; Brown, Eye Priory Cartulary (1992-94), No. 52; Brown, Eye Priory Cartulary (1992-94), No. 46; Brown, Eye Priory Cartulary (1992-94), No. 8; Douglas, Feudal Documents from Bury St Edmunds, No. 2; Brown, Eye Priory Cartulary (1992- 94), No. 9; Brown Eye Priory Cartulary (199294), No. 55; Brown, Eye Priory Cartulary (1992-94), No. 35; Brown, Eye Priory Cartulary (1992-94), No. 33; Brown, Eye Priory Cartulary (1992- 94), No. 14; Brown, Eye Priory Cartulary (1992-94), No. 11; Brown, Eye Priory Cartulary (1992-94), No. 10; Brown, Eye Priory Cartulary (1992-94), No. 36; Brown, Eye Priory Cartulary (1992-94), No. 6; Brown, Eye Priory Cartulary (1992-94), No. 2; Dugdale, Monasticon Anglicanum, IV, p. 149, No. III

TEXT CONSOLIDATED BY THE REVIEWER OF THE SOURCE CITATIONS FOR THE ABBEY OF BEC:

Brown, Eye Priory Cartulary/1992-94, nos. 1-3, 5, 6, 8-11, 14, 33-36, 44, 46, 52-55, 166, 326; Brown, Sibton Abbey Cartularies and Charters/1987, no. 547; DB/Farley i, fol. 36c, 291d/2X, 293d, 298b, 320c/18X, 320d/19X, 321a/3X, 321a/2X, 368b/8X; DB/Farley ii, fol. 088a, 088b, 103b, 133b, 148b/2X, 153b/5X, 154a/3X, 154b/4X, 155a/2X, 155b/7X, 156a/4X, 171b/2X, 184b, 219b, 304a/6X, 304b/3X, 305a/2X, 305b/2X, 306a/3X, 306b/7X, 307a/2X, 307b/4X, 309a/3X, 309b/8X, 310a/5X, 310b/10X, 311a/4X, 312a, 312b/3X, 313a/2X, 313b/4X, 314a/9X, 314b/2X, 315b/3X, 316a, 316b/4X, 317a/12X, 317b/3X, 318a/5X, 318b/4X, 319a/7X, 319b/6X, 320a/3X, 320b/2X, 321a/6X, 321b/6X, 322a/2X, 322b/9X, 323a/6X, 323b/10X, 324a/5X, 324b/7X, 325a/7X, 325b/5X, 326a/6X, 326b/10X, 327a/2X, 327b/5X, 328a/2X, 328b/4X, 329a/3X, 329b, 332a, 334b, 384a, 385a, 385b, 386b, 387a/5X, 388a, 388b, 400a, 443a, 449b; Douglas, Feudal Documents from Bury St Edmunds, nos. 2, 22-24; Dugdale, Monasticon Anglicanum, IV, p. 148, no. I & p. 149, no. III; Fisher, Cartularium Prioratus de Colne (Earles C.), no. 3; Hamilton, Inquisitio Eliensis (1876), pp. 192-95; Lincolnshire Claims (Domesday Book), fols 376d-377c/2X; Regesta regum Anglo-Normannorum III, nos. 180, 288/2X, 634-35, 713; Stenton, English Feudalism, App., no. 11.