Plural Nationality and Citizenship in Bolivia: Review of Long Journey and the Current Situation

Luis Enrique López

Abstract


This text is the fourth installment of a series of attempts to account for the process of sociopolitical redefinition that Bolivia is undergoing as a result of the participation of indigenous people in national politics and the virtual popular insurrection against traditional politics that has motivated the re-composition of its political system. The Bolivian case bears particular interest in the discussion on citizenship in Latin America since – like no other country in the region until now – the arrival to power of leaders and intellectuals that claim their differentiated ethnicity and/or their adhesion to the indigenous cause questions the liberal concept of citizenship, revises and deepens the sense of equality in a country that is profoundly asymmetrical, and interrogates the very meaning of country and the State.